Other Literary Forms

(Critical Edition of Dramatic Literature)

In addition to his plays, Zeami Motokiyo wrote a series of treatises on acting and playwriting, prepared for his family and his descendants, in which he discussed a wide range of topics, from styles of acting, singing, and gesture to matters concerning the philosophy of the theater and the complementary roles of playwright and actor in creating the sort of total theatrical experience he had in mind. The treatises do much to explain the aesthetics behind the individual dramas of Zeami that remain. In addition, he wrote a short essay on his life in exile, short verses (possibly sections of plays that are now lost), and a brief artistic reminiscence.