Young Goodman Brown Characters
The main characters in "Young Goodman Brown" are Young Goodman Brown, Faith, Goody Cloyse, Deacon Gookin, the minister, and the Devil.
- Young Goodman Brown is a pious newlywed who reluctantly leaves his wife one night to meet with the Devil.
- Faith is Brown's wife, who may or may not have participated in the Black Mass that Brown witnessed.
- Goody Cloyse is Brown's catechism teacher, whom Brown believed to be a devout Christian.
- Deacon Gookin and the minister are two church officials who display hypocrisy when they join the Black Mass.
- The Devil is an evil figure who carries a staff with a serpent head.
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 367
The central character, Goodman Brown, is presented initially as a good person devoted to his wife and well schooled in both religious and civic values. From the first paragraphs, however, he seems ill at ease, determined to enter on his mysterious nighttime journey. The reason for this nocturnal adventure is not clear at first, but Brown is steadfast in his purpose. That quality soon evaporates as he meets his guide and travels to the meeting place where he witnesses a diabolical ceremony which is a blasphemy of the Protestant communion. Easily swayed by suggestion and innuendo, by the time Brown arrives at the circle where the apparitions of his townspeople are engaged in devil worship, he is ready to believe that he is the only person whose faith has not been undermined. As a result, his good nature is immediately transformed; for the rest of his days he lives in despair, believing the outward goodness of his neighbors, including his wife, is merely a sham, covering their evil nature.
As one might expect in a short story, few other characters are well developed. Rather, Hawthorne briefly sketches in the types who represent the various occupations common to New England towns. Even Brown's wife Faith is little more than a stereotype of the faithful, loving spouse. What is interesting, however, is that Hawthorne uses language throughout the story to create doubt about the reality of the figures Brown meets in the forest. Rather, he suggests they are specters — a term which had religious significance in the seventeenth century, when people believed that a person's specter could be separated from the body and could appear in places away from it. In that case, these specters could simply be under the influence of the devil, bent on tempting the young man into believing everyone in the world has gone over to Satan's party. It may be hard for twentieth-century readers to treat such a notion realistically; however, it is not necessary to believe in the theory of specters to appreciate Hawthorne's aims, since the novelist is using this aspect of seventeenth-century theology to illustrate how Brown's reversal is really attributable to his own will to believe the worst about others.
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 547
Faith Brown serves an allegorical purpose in this story. It is Faith that Brown leaves behind, presumably for one night, in order to keep his appointment with the Devil. Explaining to the old man why he is late Brown says, "Faith kept me back a while." She represents the force of good in the world. Thus, when Brown perceives that she too has been corrupted, he shouts 'My Faith is gone''' and rushes madly toward the witches's gathering.
The pink ribbons that decorate Faith's cap have drawn more critical attention than any other symbol in the story. On one hand they have been said to represent female sexuality, while on the other, innocence. Or, they may merely signify the ornament of a sweet and cheerful wife. Whatever their purpose, Faith's pink ribbons are integral to the story's structure. They are mentioned three times: at the beginning when Brown is leaving Faith behind, near the climax when Brown sees a pink ribbon floating down from the heavens, and at the end when Brown is greeted by his wife upon his return.
Young Goodman Brown
Much of this story's extensive body of criticism centers on its title character, whose name suggests he represents the average man. Brown makes his journey into the dark forest because he is curious and even tempted by the darker side of life. His brush with evil, however, leaves a permanently negative mark. Critics agree that whether the Black Mass really occurred or was dreamed, the impression on Brown is very real indeed.
At the beginning of the story, Brown appears confident in his ability to choose between good and evil, but once he stands before the Devil's altar, he can no longer believe that good always prevails. He becomes a profoundly disillusioned man, who sees wickedness everywhere, even in those closest to him. Some critics have interpreted Brown's resulting distrust and isolation as the result of a guilty conscience; he cannot forgive himself or others for hidden sinfulness. In the end, Brown is unable to accept the duality of human nature-that a person can possess both good and evil qualities—and for this he suffers.
The figure of the Devil in "Young Goodman Brown'' appears as an older—though not ancient—man who carries a twisted, snake-like staff. He seems to resemble Brown somewhat, and it has been suggested that he is a reflection of the darker side of Brown's nature. The Devil claims to know both Brown's grandfather, who participated in the persecution of Quakers, and Brown's father, who took part in an attack on an Indian village. Similar evil deeds were perpetrated in real life by Hawthorne's ancestors, and the author's alignment of his forefathers with the Devil suggests his feelings of guilt concerning his family history.
Goody Cloyse, the Minister, and Deacon Gookin
All three of these characters serve as dramatic examples of the wickedness and hypocrisy that may hide in the souls of those who appear most virtuous. These three are distinguished from among the crowd of townsfolk at the gathering because they represent a standard of piety and godliness that is destroyed for Brown by his experience. Both Goody Cloyse and Deacon Gookin were real people who were involved in the Salem Witch Trials of 1692.
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