Is Wuthering Heights a love story?
The darkness of the characters in Wuthering Heights, especially of Cathy and Heathcliff, is drawn out by their professed love for each other. Although the novel has been traditionally seen as emblematic of tragic and passionate love, another reading of it frames the actions of Cathy and Heathcliff as that of sadists. Their sadism and masochism is evident in their torture of themselves and each other. For instance, they both marry other people to hurt each other. In fact, they marry based on a calculation of the maximum amount of pain they can inflict. They are self-destructive and it kills them, especially Cathy. Even at the end, their passion for each other seems to be a perverse love-hate storm.