(Critical Survey of Ethics and Literature)

Fanon indicted colonialist countries for using force to exploit raw materials and labor from colonized countries. Attempting to justify their actions, colonialists stereotyped natives as savages and referred to natives’ “precolonial barbarism.” Colonialists proclaimed that European culture was the ideal for natives to emulate and used violence and divide-and-conquer strategies to keep the natives down. Fanon advocated violence against the settlers as the way for colonized people to regain their sense of self-respect. Although he was a psychiatrist, Fanon did not show that such violence would be psycholog- ically liberating. Instead, he cited cases in which such violence led to psychological degeneration. Even if anticolonial violence were the only way to regain a sense of self-respect, however, such violence would not be automatically justifiable. Rape is not justifiable even if it appears to be the only way for a person to gain a feeling of self-respect. Thus, it is a mistake to think that Fanon has adequately justified terrorist attacks on the innocent. Fanon encouraged the colonized to reject the dehumanizing domination of Western culture. He claimed that Western culture corrupted the leaders of the decolonized state, making them put their own interests above the interests of the people. He urged ex-colonial powers to compensate their former colonies instead of continuing to exploit them.