The history of female dramatists is limited for several reasons. Women typically have found it difficult to participate in the arts because their domestic responsibilities limited their time. In earlier centuries, women’s lives were so circumscribed by society that female playwrights often wrote prefaces apologizing for breaking with social convention. When they did write, they had to struggle to get their work produced. When they were produced, they generally were criticized for their themes, treatment of topics, and representations of women as active, able individuals. Finally, literary canons were powerful enough to bury the works of anyone outside established literary recognition, resulting in manuscripts being lost or suppressed instead of being produced or published in anthologies.