Woman at Lit Window Analysis
by Eamon Grennan

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The Poem

(Critical Guide to Poetry for Students)

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“Woman at Lit Window” is a reflective inquiry in which poet Eamon Grennan considers the possibilities of accurately rendering the details and nuances of a woman he is observing from outside her window while assessing the factors that make it impossible for him to ever quite capture the full dimensions of his vision. The poem consists of three stanzas of roughly equal length (ten, eleven, and twelve lines) divided by a partition of blank space but joined by the continuation of a statement after the line break. Its mood of quiet reflection is established by the contemplative tone that the poet employs in the first line—“Perhaps if she stood for an hour like that”—which creates a feeling of extended time and suspended motion. However, in an almost immediate introduction of opposing impulses, the poet mentions that he would also have to “stand in the dark/ just looking” at the woman, something he doubts he could “stand” to do. The lure of precision carries his thoughts toward a contemplation of the possible components of his verbal portrait, details of such exquisite precision (“etch/ of the neck in profile, the white/ and violet shell of the ear”) that he is held in a kind of rapture of meditation before he considers how his subject might react if she became aware of his presence.

Although he knows that he is invisible to the woman’s gaze, his curiosity about what he would do “if she starts/ on that stage of light/ taking her clothes off” unsettles him as the barrier that has kept them physically separate is breached by the power of a creative imagination. At this point, the poet is unable to retain objectivity as an observer concerned only with an accurate rendition. The relationship between them—even if in his mind—has been altered so that even though she “frowns out at nothing or herself/ in the glass,” totally oblivious to the observer, he cannot quite return to the mood that initiated his desire for a perfect portrait. While he still believes that given sufficient time and a lack of distraction he might be able to “get some of the real details down,” he is now aware of the inevitable intrusion of some distraction that will make this impossible. As he continues to muse about the ideal conditions that would permit him to approach his goal, the woman “lowers the blind,” cutting off his actual view of her in the window. As the second stanza ends, the woman is “turning away” and “leaving a blank” that is accentuated by the space between the stanzas.

The third stanza fills in the blank space, denoting it as an “ivory square of brightness,” an empty frame glowing with potential. This shifts the focus of the poem, which has been wavering between the poet and the woman in the window, entirely to the poet. The energy released by the image of the woman charges the poet’s mind so that everything around him is transformed by the power of vision. The poet, now the primary subject of his own contemplation and illuminated by a “half moon” that casts his shadow on the path to his home, moves amid a glow of cosmic radiance. Its source is in the natural world (“a host of fireflies”), but its impact is considerably enhanced by the exultation of his creative consciousness, which sees in the features of the landscape a miraculous essence that defies description but compels an effort to convey its beauty.

Forms and Devices

(Critical Guide to Poetry for Students)

In “Woman at Lit Window,” Grennan moves between moments of reflection and contemplation, in which he considers the possibilities of capturing the essence of the striking image he is observing, and moments of lyric effusion, in which he is reacting directly to and then is almost consumed by the transformative power of the image itself. The poem is structured by the modulation of moods, beginning in a mood of meditation and concluding in an ethos of ecstasy, and is controlled by the alteration, juxtaposition, and intermixture of images of luminescence and darkness. The pattern of

(The entire section is 1,128 words.)