Woman Hollering Creek

(Literary Masterpieces, Critical Compilation)

Woman Hollering Creek and Other Stories gives the impression of having been published prematurely, before the author had accumulated enough significant material. Of the twenty-two sketches and stories in the book, several are slight; the collection as a whole, allowing for white space, runs only about 140 pages. That the reader is left hungry for more, however, testifies to the power of Cisneros’ best work. In contrast to a literary milieu whose predominant vision is darkly cynical and whose fashionable method is minimalist, Cisneros writes full-bodied fiction about people with passions that they are not afraid to act on. That those people are Mexicans and Mexican-Americans, living on both sides of the border, gives the stories a certain exoticism and also, almost certainly, helped the author gain early recognition. Yet the element of local color, authentic though it is, is secondary to this fiction’s universal appeal. Out of finely rendered, richly textured detail emerges a resonant affirmation of life.

Of the brief pieces, mostly no more than two or three pages long, several of the strongest appear in part 1, “My Lucy Friend Who Smells Like Corn.” Very few children appear as important characters in fiction of classic stature; of those who do, most are adolescent boys engaged in initiation quests. Cisneros’ younger children, especially her young girls, are a small but movingly eloquent addition to that canon. Too many realistic stories of the late twentieth century are nothing more than snapshots; Cisneros’ are snapshots with a moral stance. In the title piece, Lucy asks, “Have you ever eaten dog food? I have.” She lives in a house with a “screen door with no screen.” Those two details alone paint a graphic picture of poverty, yet the story is about the thrilling exuberance of these girls’ lives: “We’re going to run home backwards and we’re going to run home frontwards, look twice under the house where the rats hide and I’ll stick one foot in there because you dared me, sky so blue and heaven inside those white clouds.”

Childhood has its small tragedies as well, as in “Eleven,” in which the narrator, on her birthday, receives an unwanted gift: a terrible old red sweater from the school lost-and-found, which her teacher wrongly insists is hers. (The young girl says that “because she’s older and the teacher, she’s right and I’m not.”) Yet Cisneros’ children are above all resilient, eager to accept whatever gifts life may offer. In the hilariously titled “Barbie-Q,” the gift is a miraculous collection of dolls, only slightly damaged in a fire. “And if the prettiest doll…has a left foot that’s melted a little—so? If you dress her in her new ‘Prom Pinks’ outfit, satin splendor with matching coat, gold belt, clutch, and hair bow included, so long as you don’t lift her dress, right?—who’s to know.” The contrast between these small, vividly living people and the affluent, affectless characters of much contemporary fiction is striking and moving.

For the older children in part 2, “One Holy Night,” life grows darker and stranger; yet still they live it with passion. The sexual initiation of the eighth-grade narrator of the title piece, resulting in her pregnancy, is no ordinary back-alley affair, even if that is the sort of place where it happens. As the story opens, it has been “eighteen weeks since Abuelita chased him”—the man who called himself Chaq Uxmal Paloquín—“away with the broom”; the narrator has been exiled to a place “miles from home…this town of dust, with one wrinkled witch woman who rubs my belly with jade, and sixteen nosy cousins.” Where this mythic lover has gone, no one knows. Yet what matters to the narrator is that he is indeed mythic. He claimed descent from “an ancient line of Mayan kings,” and promised to love her “like a revolution, like a religion.… The stars foretell everything, he said. My birth. My son’s. The boy-child who will bring back the grandeur of my people from those who have broken the arrows, from those who have pushed the ancient stones off their pedestals.”

Juxtaposed against this fabulous realm is the grubby reality of the demon lover’s “broken thumbs and burnt fingers.… thick greasy fingernails he never cut and dusty hair”; and the linked reality of a society imbued with traditional Roman Catholic sexual morality, which regards the narrator, without empathy or understanding, simply as fallen.

It would be easy, and all too glib, to interpret this story psychologically: Unable to face the reality of the life she lives, from the externals of which there is no escape, this young girl retreats into neurotic fantasy. Yet the denouement is so dark and strange that it transcends rational analysis. At length a letter arrives from a distant convent, revealing the beginning of the truth about Chaq Uxmal Paloquín: “He was born on a street with no name in a town called Miseria.… His name is Chato which means fat-face. There is no Mayan blood.” Included is a picture of him in a newspaper...

(The entire section is 2085 words.)

Style and Technique

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Often in Sandra Cisneros’s works, young women on both sides of the Mexican border wrestle with the pleasures and pains of growing up, falling in love, and facing reality. Often grounding her stories in domestic situations, Cisneros depicts life as a series of heartbreaks and small victories. As readers ride the ups and downs with the characters, they are called on to examine social and cultural situations that give rise to the events of the story. Frequently, as in “Woman Hollering Creek,” these are important issues such as wife abuse. In her novel The House on Mango Street (1984), she explores a number of social problems such as incest, poverty, latchkey children, and rape. Cisneros deftly presents these themes through skillful characterization, believing that such a technique will create better understanding and empathy than would a heavy-handed examination of the problems.

Cisneros, who is also a poet, differs from other fiction writers in choosing to write small vignettes rather than lengthy prose chapters. This narrative strategy emerges in her short stories as well. For example, “Woman Hollering Creek” has fourteen sections denoting not only shifts in time and space but also in the mood and perceptions of the main character. Appropriately, the final vignette has Cleófilas on the road again, crossing the creek in the opposite direction, heading home to family. She has come to better understand her own dreams and thankfully to celebrate her own strength and wisdom.

Historical Context

(Short Stories for Students)

Mexico: The Early Years
From the beginning of the fourteenth through the end of the fifteenth century, the Aztec people built an...

(The entire section is 348 words.)

Literary Style

(Short Stories for Students)

Point of View and Narration
The majority of "Woman Hollering Creek'' is narrated in the third-person omniscient voice. The...

(The entire section is 1388 words.)

Ideas for Group Discussions

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Sandra Cisneros first introduced "Woman Hollering Creek" in her 1991 work titled Woman Hollering Creek and Other Stories. Through the...

(The entire section is 166 words.)

Social Concerns

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Woman Hollering Creek" was first published in Sandra Cisneros's 1991 collection of short stories, Woman Hollering Creek and Other...

(The entire section is 377 words.)

Compare and Contrast

(Short Stories for Students)

Texas: According to 1995-96 U.S. Census Bureau statistics, 17 percent of all people living in the state subsist beneath the poverty...

(The entire section is 132 words.)

Topics for Further Study

(Short Stories for Students)

Research the folklore surrounding the mythical woman, "La Llorona." How have Chicana writers redefined her as a role model for modern women?...

(The entire section is 90 words.)

Literary Precedents

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Cisneros periodically wrote poems and stories throughout her childhood and adolescence, but it was not until she attended the University of...

(The entire section is 207 words.)

Related Titles

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

For further works from Latina writers, Gloria Anzaldua's Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, (1987), a largely nonfiction volume...

(The entire section is 204 words.)

What Do I Read Next?

(Short Stories for Students)

Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestizo, (1987) by Gloria Anzaldua, a Chicana writer. This largely nonfiction volume also includes...

(The entire section is 262 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading

(Short Stories for Students)

Anzaldua, Gloria, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, Spinsters/Aunt Lute, 1987.

Campbell, Bebe...

(The entire section is 290 words.)


(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Sources for Further Study

Booklist. LXXXVII, April 15, 1991, p. 1622.

Chicago Tribune. April 26, 1991, V, p. 3.

Commonweal. CXVIII, September 13, 1991, p. 524.

Library Journal. CXVI, April 1, 1991, p. 149.

Los Angeles Times Book Review. April 28, 1991, p. 3.

The Nation. CCLII, May 6, 1991, p. 597.

The New York Times Book Review. XCVI, May 26, 1991, p. 6.

Newsweek. CXVII, June 3, 1991, p. 60.


(The entire section is 62 words.)