William S(eward) Burroughs 1914–
Burroughs is best known for his controversial Naked Lunch, which was based in large part on the author's years as a drug addict. To achieve a surreal, hallucinatory effect, Burroughs experiments with techniques such as "folding-in" or "cutting-up" in which his own writing or the works of other authors are reorganized so that words and events occur in random sequence.
(See also CLC, Vols. 1, 2, 5, 15, Contemporary Authors, Vols. 9-12, rev. ed., and Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 2: American Novelists since World War II; Vol. 8: Twentieth Century American Science Fiction Writers.)