I Will Marry When I Want Summary
by Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Ngugi wa Mirii

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I Will Marry When I Want Summary

Set in postcolonial Kenya, I Will Marry When I Want by Ngugi wa Thiong'o centers on the poor farm laborer Kĩgũũnda and his family. The play begins in Kĩgũũnda’s one-room house. Wangeci, his wife, cooks, Kĩgũũnda’s fixes a broken chair, and their daughter, Gathoni, does her hair. They are waiting for their guests, Kĩoi and Jezebel, a wealthy married couple, to arrive. The title-deed to their one and a half acres of property, which is pinned to the wall, falls to the floor. Kĩgũũnda tells his wife that it is his most prized possession.

Wangeci wonders why Kĩoi, who is a wealthy farmer and businessman, would visit them, given the disparity in their class and financial position. While they are waiting, Kĩgũũnda and Wangeci begin arguing with Gathoni, whom they accuse of having become superficial, lazy, and “modern” since Kĩoi’s son John Mũhũũni began showing romantic interest in her. They wonder if the reason for the visit is to arrange a marriage between the two.

Kĩgũũnda realizes that Kĩoi and his business partner are local directors of an international company which was interested in buying his one and a half acres of land in order to build a factory. As Kĩgũũnda and Wangeci wonder if this could instead be the reason behind the unexpected visit, their peasant friends Gĩcaamba and Njooki arrive. As they talk, Njooki encourages them to ask Gathoni to end her relationship with Kĩoi’s son, John. Both her and her husband are distrustful of the rich, explaining how they take advantage of their workers and the poorer classes in order to make money. Gĩcaamba is very animated and passionate about politics and speaks of the oppression and poor quality of life experienced by factory workers and Kenyan people—all in order to make money for other wealthier countries and companies.

There is a knock at the door, and Kĩoi and Jezebel arrive, along with the newly rich Samuel Ndugĩre and his wife, Helen. Gĩcaamba and Njooki leave as the rich Kenyans enter. As everyone sits and begins to talk, it is clear that the guests look down on Kĩgũũnda’s family. They begin to speak of Christianity, which Gĩcaamba had previously criticized as a Western and imperialist influence in Kenya. The guests then begin to sing hymns, and Kĩoi tries to convert Kĩgũũnda and Wangeci to Christianity. They present the couple with a wedding ring, insisting that they must have a church wedding and be baptised in order to stop “living in sin.” Kĩgũũnda shouts at them to leave the house, chasing them out with a sword which hangs on the wall.

Gathoni returns from her date, wearing new, modern clothing and platform shoes, prompting another argument with her parents. She leaves, going on a week-long trip with John against her parents’ wishes. Kĩgũũnda and Wangeci talk about Kĩoi’s visit and come to the conclusion that the only reason for their insistence about Christianity would be so that Gathoni and John Mũhũũni could marry.

The second act begins on another day, with Kĩgũũnda, Wangeci, Gĩcaamba, and Njooki sitting in the house and talking about Kĩoi’s visit. Gĩcaamba encourages them to leave it alone and claims that none of the rich guests are to be trusted. Both he and Njooki try to convince them that the rich do not marry poor people like Gathoni. Moreover, Gĩcaamba and Nooki remind them how Christians worked with the enemies of the struggle for Kenyan independence.

Kĩgũũnda and Wangeci ignore these warnings and go to Kĩoi’s house to agree with the plans. They are received coldly and are not allowed to sit at the table where Kĩoi, Jezebel, and the Ndugĩres are eating. When they explain the reason for their visit, however, the rich couples are pleased, believing the Kĩgũũndas to be converted. Despite their concerns about the cost of a wedding, Kĩoi says Kĩgũũnda is a wealthy man in comparison...

(The entire section is 1,087 words.)