(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

The English family of Waverley is long known for its Jacobite sympathies. In 1745, Waverley-Honour, the ancestral home of the family, is a quiet retreat for Sir Everard Waverley, an elderly Jacobite. In an attempt to seek political advantage in London, his brother, Richard Waverley, swears loyalty to the king.

Edward Waverley, the son of Whig Richard, divides his time between his father and his Uncle Everard at Waverley-Honour. On that great estate, Edward is free to come and to go as he pleases, for his tutor Pembroke, a devout dissenter, is often too busy writing religious pamphlets to spend much time with the education of his young charge. When Edward becomes old enough, his father obtains a commission in the army for him. Shortly afterward, he is ordered to Scotland to join the dragoons of Colonel Gardiner. Equipped with the necessary articles of dress, accompanied by a retinue of men selected by Sir Everard, and weighed down by the dissenting tomes of Pembroke, Edward leaves Waverley-Honour in quixotic fashion to conquer his world.

He is instructed by Sir Everard to visit an old friend, Sir Cosmo Comyne Bradwardine, whose estate is near the village of Tully-Veolan in the Scottish Lowlands. Soon after his arrival at the post of Colonel Gardiner, Edward obtains leave to go to Tully-Veolan. There he finds Sir Everard’s friend both cordial and happy to see him. The few days spent at Tully-Veolan convince Edward that Scotland is a wilder and a more romantic land than his native England. He pays little attention to Rose Bradwardine, the baron’s daughter, his youthful imagination being fired instead by the songs and dances of Davie Gellatley, the baron’s servant, and by tales about the Scottish Highlanders and their rude ways. At Tully-Veolan, he is also confronted by a political issue that was but an idealistic quarrel in his former existence; these Scottish people are Jacobites, and because of his father’s politics and his own rank in the army of Hanoverian George II of England Edward ostensibly is a Whig Royalist.

During his stay at Tully-Veolan, an event occurs that changes Edward’s life. It begins with the unexpected arrival of Evan Dhu Maccombich, a Highlander in the service of the renowned clan chieftain Fergus Mac Ivor Vich Ian Vohr, a friend of the baron. Since his taste for romantic adventure is aroused, Edward begs another extension of his leave in order to accompany Evan Dhu into the Highlands. In those rugged hills, Edward is led to the cave that shelters the band of Donald Bean Lean, an outlaw who robs and plunders the wealthy Lowlanders. Staying with the bandit only long enough to discover the romantic attachment between Donald’s daughter Alice and Evan Dhu, Edward again sets out into the hills with his cheerful young guide. His curiosity is sufficiently whetted by Evan’s descriptions of Fergus Mac Ivor and his ancient castle deep in the Highland hills at Glennaquoich.

The welcome Mac Ivor extends to Edward is openhanded and hearty. No less warm is the quiet greeting that Flora, Mac Ivor’s sister, has for the English soldier. Flora is a beautiful woman of romantic, poetic nature, and Edward soon finds himself deeply in love with the chieftain’s sister. Mac Ivor seems to sanction the idea of a marriage. That union can never be, however, for Flora vows her life to another cause—that of placing Charles, the young Stuart prince, on the throne of England. When Edward proposes marriage, Flora advises him to...

(The entire section is 1421 words.)

Waverly Summary

Waverly Chapters 1 and 2 Summary

The author, Sir Walter Scott, explains his choice of title. The name "Waverly" is unassuming and unconnected to any well-known event or family. The subtitle, "’Tis Sixty Years Hence," relates to the reader a specific time in recent history (1745) that will dispel disillusionment as to the nature of the novel.

The hero, Edward Waverly, is the son of Richard Waverly, the second son of a local nobility. Richard’s brother, Sir Everard, had a falling out due to political differences. Sir Everard was a supporter of the Stewart (Stuart) royal line, which had been displaced by the Hanoverian line that had displaced it. As a result, Richard was denied any inheritance in the Waverly estate.

Sir Everard had no children, being unmarried. Fearful of the estate going to a distant relative that had been instrumental in the death of Charles I (of the Stuart line), Sir Everard decided to marry. However, after an unsuccessful courtship, Sir Everard settled into bachelorhood, cared for by his unmarried sister.

Richard, in the meantime, had risen in political life, being seen as a counter to the leanings of his brother. Richard married and produced a son, Edward, and moved to a manor close to his brother’s estate (Waverly-Honour).

One day Edward, with his nurse, was walking close to Waverly-Honour and was spotted by his uncle, Sir Everard. Taken with the child, Sir Everard decided to make his nephew his sole heir. Richard, seeing the benefit to his son if not to himself, accepted the situation.

Waverly Chapters 3 and 4 Summary

Because of Edward's itinerant living arrangements (between the homes of his father and his uncle), his education was highly unstructured. Left to his own whims, Edward read what he liked, with no systematic program of study. Although he loved literature, his choice of reading was out of balance, appealing more to his romantic sensibilities that to his intellect and future education. This will reflect later in his character, which becomes somewhat lazy and impatient. Any formal instruction he might have received and required was hampered by his mother's death, his father's absence, and his own (supposed) ill health.

During his time with his uncle Sir Everard and his aunt Rachel, Edward is subjected to many rambling tales about past family members. Occasionally, however, he is excited by the stories, especially those told by his aunt. He is especially intrigued by tales of Crusader ancestors, who return home only to find their loves belonging to another, resulting in the choice of a life of solitude.

Such tales result in Edward’s own solitude. Withdrawing from intense study and companionship, Edward indulges in his own fantasies. Edward resists all attempts on the part of his uncle to involve him in sports or hunting, though they live on excellent hunting grounds. Edward prefers to remain in his fantasy world, despite the detriment to his temper and character.

Waverly Chapters 5 and 6 Summary

Edward Waverly begins to turns his thoughts from the romantic works of fiction to the ladies in the region. One young woman, Miss Cecilia Stubbs, is actively seeking his attention. Concerned, Aunt Rachel is unimpressed with either Miss Stubbs or the rest of the local available damsels and so decides that Edward needs to "expand his horizons" through either travel or military service, as is customary for the Waverly family. Knowing Edward’s temperament, she suggests travel as the best course and approaches Sir Everard with the plan. He agrees and writes to Edward’s father, Richard, for his views. Richard Waverly, however, is concerned with what effect such travels will have on such a bookworm as his son, and so proceeds to arrange a commission for Edward instead. He is to be captain of a platoon stationed in Scotland.

Before his departure, Edward (ambivalent about this turn in his life) says a willing good-bye to Miss Cecilia. He also departs with words of advice (along with an unpublished—and unpublishable—manuscript on the political dangers of the separation of church and state) from Mr. Pembroke, his tutor. From his uncle he receives letters of introduction to Mr. Bradwardine, a friend of his from the days of the resistance to the Hanoverian succession. From Aunt Rachel Edward receives a diamond ring and warnings to avoid being drawn in by the "Scottish beauties," of which she suspects he might need warning.

Waverly Chapters 7 and 8 Summary

Edward Waverly proceeds on horseback to Scotland, specifically Dundee on the eastern coast, where his regiment is stationed. There he proceeds to learn the arts of warfare. In the area of horseback riding he seems to excel. In military maneuvers themselves, however, his progress is not evident. His interest wanes, and he is frequently reproved for his feeble efforts. His desultory reading habits (rather than systematic study) are assumed to bear the blame for his inability to focus for prolonged periods of time.

As summer approaches, Edward decides to travel to Perthshire, where his uncle’s friend Cosmo Comyne Bradwardine of Bradwardine lives. He arrives on horseback in the hamlet of Tully-Veolan. He is immediately struck by the impoverished appearance of the people. Living in homes little more than cells, they are dirty and squalid, the children often inadequately clothed. The indolence of the populace is evident, as it is a usual companion to poverty. Though the faces are grave and serious, they have an air wisdom, derived apart from books and formal education.

Edward approaches the home of the Baron of Bradwardine. Built in an earlier century, it has many small windows, gables, and towers. Approached by the tree-bordered lane, it makes a sharp contrast to the village he has just left. It appeals to Edward’s romantic sensibilities. He enters the central court, bordered by the manor proper, along with stables and other outbuildings.

Waverly Chapters 9 and 10 Summary

Edward continues to wander around the grounds of the manor house, searching for someone to welcome him in and introduce him to the Baron of Bradwardine. He notices the predominance of carved figures of bears throughout the architecture, along with many other animal figures. The widespread acreage has been landscaped to a tamed wildness. At last he comes upon a comical character, David Gellatley, who is the manor’s resident “fool,” in the medieval sense. Edward has difficulty getting an intelligible response from David.

Finally David leads him to Alexander Saunderson, the manor’s butler, who is tending the garden. He informs Edward that the baron is at the “dark hag” but will send for him directly. He calls for Rose, the baron’s daughter, who is introduced as seventeen years of age, blond, clear-complexioned, and of lively temperament. Rose goes to fetch the baron from the dark hag, which turns out to be a nearby oak grove, where he is felling trees.

The baron appears and welcomes Edward warmly as the nephew of his old friend. With many quotes from French and Latin, the baron presents himself as a learned but rambling gentleman, easy of manner and kindhearted. Leading Edward into the hall, the baron calls forth other guests, most associated with his past political and revolutionary activities, as well as those whose hearts remain true to their own sectarian beliefs of the Episcopal Church of Scotland.

Waverly Chapters 11 and 12 Summary

Edward and the other guests have arrived at the banquet hosted by the Baron. After much feasting, the Baron brings out an oaken chest containing a goblet, which at one time was believed to have mystical powers. Called the Blessed Bear of Bradwardine, the goblet is used by the Baron to toast Edward as the representative of the House of Waverly.

Because the other guests have left their horses at a nearby inn, Edward, the Baron, and Saunderson walk with them at their departure. They then decide to stop at a small inn for some refreshment. The hostess, Luckie Macleary, expected their company and prepared a meal. Amid much drinking and singing, the conversation turns to politics. Edward, as a supporter of the Hanoverian king, feels he has been insulted by the Laird of Balmawhapple and the two almost come to blows. The hostess, however, intervenes in the quarrels and the guests depart.

In the morning, Edward feels the effect of the alcohol. He also remembers that he has been insulted and so decides that he must leave the Baron’s home, and plans to do so after breakfast.

Edward is summoned to the Baron’s chambers, where he meets not only the Baron but also the Laird of Balmawhapple, who had insulted him the previous night. Balmawhapple apologizes to Edward through the Baron. Edward accepts his apologies, but Balmawhapple leaves after breakfast. The Baron proposes a morning ride.

Waverly Chapters 13 and 14 Summary

The Baron and Edward ride across the countryside, accompanied by servants to aid in the hunt. Throughout the ride, the Baron and Edward become better acquainted and enjoy each other’s company, despite their political and religious differences.

After dinner, the three visit Rose in her chambers. There Edward observes evidence of Rose’s fascination with art, literature, and culture. Rose entertains the gentlemen with song. She tells them the story of Janet Gellatley (Davie’s mother), who had been accused of witchcraft and brought up on charges. A simple soul, Janet confessed and cries out that the devil has appeared before her. Those people present depart in fear, and Janet is let go free.

Edward comes even more enchanted with Tully-Veolan and decides to stay for a while. He sends for some books that he thinks Rose will enjoy. Edward is mortified to hear that the Laird of Balmawhapple had been injured by the Baron when the former refused to apologize to Edward.

Edward and Rose become closer, with Edward thinking of her as a sister. Rose, however, is developing deeper feelings for young Captain Waverly. Edward requests an extended leave from his commanding officer. He is granted this, but he is warned against spending too much time with those whose views do not represent those of his own or his father's. Edward assures him that he is not susceptible to being swayed.

Waverly Chapters 15 and 16 Summary

After residing at Tully-Veolan for six weeks, Edward awakens to a general disturbance in the household. He is eventually able to discover that there has been a "creagh" (raid) on the manor, and several milk cows have been stolen by Caterans (Highland robbers). The Baron regrets that he has let lapse his tribute of blackmail money to Fergus Mac-Ivor, a Highland chieftain. Mac-Ivor has long been known to protect Lowlanders who paid him this tribute. He would prevent Highlanders from raiding their property and would also defend them from the raids of others. Edward is shocked that such a character is accorded any kind of respect. Rose informs Edward, however, that Mac-Ivor is a true gentleman, and his daughter Flora had once been her good friend.

A Highlander, Evan Dhu Maccombich, arrives at the manor door with offers of peace, if it so pleases the Baron. The Baron readily agrees to a treaty.

Evan Dhu invites Edward to accompany him up into the Highlands to recover the cattle. Edward readily agrees and sets out with the company.

Night approaches as the party travels through the rugged countryside. As they approach the hiding place of the robbers, Evan Dhu informs Edward that he must remain at a nearby hamlet, as Donald Bean Lean, who is responsible for the taking of the cattle, will not allow an Englishman near his retreat. As Evan Dhu goes to announce their arrival, Edward and a few of the Highlands wait by a lake, until a boat arrives to carry them across.

Waverly Chapters 17 and 18 Summary

Edward approaches a cavern, the retreat of Donald Bean Lean. He is escorted to the company and made welcome as an honored guest. Donald Bean Lean himself receives Edward with all courtesy, having previously been aware of Sir Everard and his political leanings. Edward wisely does not discuss those of his own opinion.

When Donald asks Edward if he has anything to say to him, Waverly responds that he came only out of curiosity and has no other motive. Though Edward is uncomfortable in the presence of one he considers to be an "outlaw," he nevertheless rests quietly through the night in the cavern.

When he awakens, Edward finds the cavern empty, though he hears some of the others nearby. He is fed breakfast by the Highland girl called Alice, who turns out to be Donald’s daughter. Evan returns with fish for breakfast. In his conversation with Evan, Edward asks about the welfare of Alice, raised in such a wild environment. Evan replies that she has need of nothing that her father will not supply. When he speaks of the desirability of Donald dying fighting for his rights, Evan says that he himself will marry Alice should she need someone to care for her.

The party departs to meet Fergus Mac-Ivor up the lake from the cavern. Fergus presents a more formidable picture to Edward that does Donald. Edward is introduced to Fergus as the friend of the Baron of Bradwardine. Fergus then leads Edward to his home.

Waverly Chapters 19 and 20 Summary

The ancestor of Fergus Mac-Ivor established the ancestral home in Perthshire. The head of the clan from then on was called "Vich Ian Vohr" (the son of John the Great) in recognition of the founding father.

The father of Fergus had escaped to France in 1715 during the insurrection. His two children, Fergus and Flora, were born there and returned with him to Scotland upon the return of his property. Fergus, on inheriting the estate, developed a militia loyal to himself. Though he had been in service to the king, he was eventually deprived of his military command because of his activities against any who did not belong to his domain. Continuing his policy, he raided the Lowland countryside, exacting tribute from all who desired his protection.

Fergus and Edward at last reach Glennaquoich, the Mac-Ivor mansion. On approaching the mansion, Edward observed about a hundred Highlanders in complete regalia to welcome home their chief. For Edward’s entertainment, Fergus enacts a skirmish with his men, along with other matches and feats, to impress with their military prowess.

Edward then joins his host in the banqueting hall. A huge Highland feast is prepared for the guest. When Fergus proposes a toast to Edward, one gentleman objects, saying that Bradwardine hands have spilled much of the clan’s blood. Fergus, however, welcomes Edward and explains to him that the old gentleman resented the Baron for shooting his son in a fray. The feast continues with song.

Waverly Chapters 21 and 22 Summary

Edward is introduced into Flora’s apartments, which are simply yet tastefully furnished. Her loyalty to her country and to the exiled Stuart royal family is paramount in her intentions. Orphaned as children, Flora and Fergus were raised in the household of the Chevalier de St. George (the son of James II and heir to the throne). As attendants on the prince and his princess, the two Mac-Ivors had become accustomed to a highborn way of life, marking a sharp contrast to their present existence in the Highlands. Flora especially had little outside connections, except to Rose Bradwardine, which had been discontinued because of the disagreement between Fergus and the Baron. It is thought that it was Flora who instigated the truce between the two.

Edward relates to Flora his deep respect and interest in the Gaelic verses that were sung at the banquet. Flora has become quite adept at translating Gaelic poetry into English and volunteers to do so for Edward. However, she states, she must do it in an appropriate location. She leaves Edward with her maid Una; she retreats to meet him later. Una guides Edward through the Highland retreat to a waterfall, which appeals to Edward’s romantic imagination. Seeing Flora perched high on a log bridge over the waterfall, he is terrified for her safety. Yet she manages the span well and meets him at the waterfall. Playing on a Celtic harp, she sings for him the "Battle Song," which speaks of Scottish heroes of the past. She is interrupted by Fergus’s dog.

Waverly Chapters 23 and 24 Summary

Fergus joins Edward and Flora at the waterfall and urges Edward to stay for a week or two to attend a grand hunt. Edward agrees. He plans to send a letter to the Baron informing him of his intentions and requesting that all letters he may receive be forwarded. Intending to mark his letter with his personal seal, Edward notices that it is missing. He assumes that he left it at Tully-Veolan, but Flora suspects that Donald Bean Lean may have taken it. Back at the Mac-Ivor mansion, the evening is spent in song and dance, and Edward goes to sleep to dream of Flora Mac-Ivor.

The hunt is daily for three weeks, and Edward becomes more and more impressed with Fergus, and especially Flora.

In the midst of the chase of a large herd of deer, an accident occurs. The deer had turn and were racing toward the huntsmen. A warning is given out in Gaelic, which Edward does not understand. In danger of being trampled and gored by the deer, Edward is saved by Fergus, who jumps on him, pulling him from his horse to the ground until the herd has passed over. Edward sprains his ankle severely and is unable to continue with the hunt. A stretcher is prepared to convey him back to the home of a relative of Fergus. Edward learns that Fergus will not accompany him, but will lead the chieftains on to an expedition, which had been the real purpose of the hunt.

Edward remains disabled for almost a week when Fergus and his party return to Glennaquoich.

Waverly Chapters 25 and 26 Summary

Edward receives letters from home. The letter from his father is particularly disturbing.

The party to which Richard Waverly belonged had been in the minority, but had prospects of gaining power. Richard himself was named as a possible high level officer in the new government. However, with a change of fate, the king disavowed the party, and Richard in particular. As a result, Richard left his seat and returned home. He urged Edward to resign his commission immediately in protest.

Edward also receives communication from his commanding officer, ordering Edward to return to his post within three days of the day of the letter or be charged with being absent without leave. Edward rightly assumes that the change in tone is a result of the dishonor to which his father has been subjected. Fergus points out an article in a newspaper that Edward is indeed charged and is subject to arrest. Edward sends a letter to his commanding officer, resigning his commission immediately.

Now that Edward has sworn off his support of George II, Fergus has hopes that he and Flora may become married. When Edward broaches the subject to Flora, however, she rejects him. She objects that, up until a half-hour before, there had been a barrier between them. Now that this barrier his gone, she cannot so speedily change her opinion. She promises to give him sufficient reasons within an hour.

Waverly Chapters 27 and 28 Summary

Edward encounters Fergus preparing to mount an armed assault on the English forces in Scotland. He asks Edward to join them, but Edward objects that he is still waiting to know the outcome of his resignation amid the charges of being absent without leave. He also points out that he cannot make a decision until Flora has made hers.

Fergus encourages Edward to get a final answer from Flora. He tells Edward that she is up at the waterfall and should by now be ready to give an answer. When Edward approaches her, he can tell that she will reject his proposal, as indeed she does. Her reason, she states, is that she cannot love him as much as she loves her cause, the restoration of the Stuart dynasty to the throne. All her passions are directed to that task, and she would be cheating him if she accepted him with anything less that total dedication. Edward leaves, disheartened, but not yet able to accept this rejection.

Edward receives a letter from Rose, who informs him that her father is gone and she is alone at Tully-Veolan. A warrant had been issued for the Baron’s arrest. Catching word of it, he left with several others who were likewise under suspicion and headed northward. Rose warns Edward that soldiers have taken away Edward’s own servant and belongings. She also warns him not to return to Tully-Veolan, but instead to return to England. Edward, however, decides to go to Edinburgh and seek help from his father’s friends.

Waverly Chapters 29 and 30 Summary

Edward departs Glennaquoich accompanied by Fergus. They part at Bally-Brough, Fergus stating that he dares go no further, promising to keep Edward in his sister’s thoughts. With Callum Beg as a servant, Edward continues toward Edinburgh, all the while thinking of Flora. On the way, Callum gives him a letter from Fergus, which turns out to be a poem about a Highland hero, Captain Wogan.

The two approach a small village, which seems to be in the process of having a mandated fast. Callum is returning to Glennaquoich, and so Edward must procure another servant and horse, but the town is basically shut down for the fast. Edward seeks shelter at an inn run by Ebenezer Cruikshanks, who is in conflict whether to house people who are breaking the fast or to lose their business to another inn. He decides to take them in, and eventually agrees to accompany Edward to Edinburgh himself.

On the way, Cruikshanks’s horse throws a shoe. Edward agrees to pay for shoeing the horse at the next village, where Cruikshanks knows of a farrier who will work fast day for a little extra. As they approach the village, suspicions are aroused. A crowd gathers, and Mucklewrath, the blacksmith, is asked to shoe the horse. There is much controversy concerning this, and Edward is threatened. When Mucklewrath comes at him with a rod, Edward shoots in self-defense. Mucklewrath drops, but is only slightly wounded. Edward, however, is brought before the local magistrate.

Waverly Chapters 31 and 32 Summary

Edward appears before Major Melville, the magistrate, along with Mr. Morton, a clergyman. Examining the evidence, Melville dismisses the charges against Edward. However, he investigates Edward’s identity, ascertaining that he is indeed Edward Waverly, son of Richard Waverly. Melville then informs Edward that he is charged with desertion and treason. Demanding all papers on his person, Melville is intrigued with the poem of a Highlander who had taken up arms against the king. He also reads the letters from Edward’s family, speaking against the government. Melville then repeats Edward’s movement of the last several weeks, which give credence to the claim that Edward himself has joined the Highlanders in their rebellion. As much as Edward denies it, Melville is unconvinced. Edward, becoming angry, refuses to answer any further questions. Melville then arrests him and takes him into custody.

Melville and Morton discuss the case regarding Edward. Melville believes that Edward is but an innocent youth, caught in events beyond his control. However, he sees all evidence as pointing against him. Morton pleads mercy, but Melville is unwilling. Morton asks if Edward cannot be kept in custody in Melville’s own home until the events play themselves out, but Melville states that not even his own house will remain unaffected by the conflict. He decides to transfer Edward to Stirling Castle to await further events. Morton requests to speak to Edward, a request which Melville grants.

Waverly Chapters 33 and 34 Summary

Morton visits Waverly in his confinement. Edward is unsure whether or not to trust the clergyman, but eventually does so, relating to him the complete and honest events of the past several weeks. He does not, however, tell him of either Rose or Flora.

Morton is intrigued at Edward’s account of his stay with Donald Bean Lean. He tells Edward it was wise not to mention him to Melville, due to Bean Lean’s reputation as a "Robin Hood."

Edward is calmed by Morton’s concern and assistance. Morton tells Edward that he is being transported to Stirling Castle by Gilfillan. Edward is glad to be removed from Melville, at least, though Morton assures him that Melville is a more honorable character than is apparent to Edward at the moment. Morton describes Gilfillan as a member of a strict sect of Presbyterians.

Later, Morton returns with an invitation to dinner from Major Melville. Melville had heard news that the Highlanders had retreated from the area, so he is in particular good humor and accedes to Morton’s pleas to show some compassion on Waverly. Edward is reluctant to accept the invitation, but is pressed by Morton and does so. The dinner is convivial, with all feeling at ease with each other. Melville hopes that the charges against Waverly can be dropped due to Edward’s youth. As they are dining, the drums announcing the approach of Gilfillan, Edward’s escort to Stirling Castle, are heard.

Waverly Chapters 35 and 36 Summary

Edward, along with Melville and Morton, go out to see the approach of Gilfillan’s company. They appear to be a ragtag group, not dressed in uniform but in common working clothes. Melville comments on the smallness of the group because he had been expecting a larger company. Gilfillan informs him that some of the soldiers dropped by the wayside for “refreshment.” When Melville states that they could have easily sought refreshment on their arrival at his home, Gilfillan smugly informs him that they sought refreshment for their souls at a religious service, not food for their bodies. Melville is appalled at the thought of an officer allowing his men to leave their duty simple to hear “field-preaching.” Gilfillan assumes an air of moral superiority, which infuriates Melville. The major charges him strictly to protect Waverly. Gilfillan asks Edward about the identity of Morton. He makes his opinion known concerning Presbyterians and adherents of the Church of England, once he discovers Edward’s religious persuasion. They are interrupted by a peddler joining the company, requesting permission to travel with them to Stirling Castle. Gilfillan agrees and continues his theological discourse. Later, when the company has separated somewhat, with only a small party accompanying Edward, the peddler whistles, stating that he is calling his dog. At a second whistle, a party of Highlanders attacks the group and rescue Edward.

Waverly Chapters 37 and 38 Summary

Waverly, injured in the attack, is carried carefully by the Highlanders. They walk into the night until they come to a rough hovel, inhabited by an old woman called Janet. Waverly is placed in a clean bed, with Janet attending his wounds. He is more severely injured than imagined, and so must recover for almost a week. Throughout his confinement he hears the voice of a woman other than Janet. Hoping that it is Flora, he tries to catch a peek of her, but is unsuccessful. When he is sufficiently recovered to get up, Alice, the daughter of Donald Bean Lean, appears and helps him pack. She places something in his luggage, but what it is he cannot see.

Waverly, along with a small group of Highlanders, proceeds through the night. Waverly, still unsure of his status, follows willingly but with many questions that remain unanswered, as his guards do not speak English. They pass by an encampment of English soldiers, who are led astray by one of the Highlanders, Duncan Duroch.

The party continues through the night until they come to a large deserted castle, the Castle of Doune. Here Waverly is led inside and given a small chamber for the night. When he asks again if he is a prisoner or a guest, his guard states that he is in no danger, by order of Donald Stewart, the governor of the garrison and an officer in the army of Prince Charles Edward (the Stuart Pretender whom the Scots are trying to place upon the throne).

Waverly Chapters 39 and 40 Summary

The next morning, preparations are made to continue the journey. Remembering the packet that Alice had placed in his baggage, Waverly is on the verge of retrieving it when a Highlander comes in and takes Waverly’s portmanteau to be placed on the baggage cart.

The party continues, with Waverly still in protective custody. Waverly recognizes one of the soldiers as Mr. Falconer of Balmawhapple, with whom he had almost come to blows except for the interference of the Baron back at Tully-Veolan. Balmawhapple, however, makes no signs of recognition.

After a small incident at Stirling Castle, caused by Balmawhapple, they arrive at the palace of Holyrood, the seat of government of the Scottish kings, now inhabited by Prince Charles Edward.

At Holyrood, Waverly is once again united with Fergus Mac-Ivor, who informs him that Flora is indeed in Edinburgh. Presently, Waverly is escorted into the presence of Prince Charles Edward. The Prince apologizes for the seeming rudeness of Waverly’s escort but states that they are as yet unsure of Edward’s convictions. He states that if Edward chooses to return to England, he will be supplied with a passport and permission to do so. However, the Prince sincerely asks Waverly’s help in their struggle. Waverly, overcome with emotion, kneels before the Prince and pledges his support. Waverly, after refusing the rank of major, is armed and prepared for the battle that is to come, as the English are approaching Edinburgh to retake the city.

Waverly Chapters 41 and 42 Summary

Fergus congratulates Edward on the good impression he made on the Prince and commends him for his choice to refuse the increase in rank and offer of the post of aide-de-camp. He states that it would have caused jealousy in the ranks, which seems to be a recurring problem. As Waverly relates his adventures to Fergus, he is escorted to the outfitter’s for a uniform.

Fergus tells Waverly that it was most likely Donald Bean Lean in the disguise of the peddler. Bean Lean has become something of a loose cannon, causing havoc around the countryside. He also tells Edward that Flora is in Edinburgh, giving Fergus an advantage in the military court. Waverly rankles that Flora is being used to further Fergus’s career.

Waverly is also reunited with the Baron of Bradwardine, who gives his own negative opinion of Balmawhapple. He tells Edward that Rose is in Edinburgh as well, attending Flora. Tully-Veolan has become dangerous because of constant raids.

Waverly joins the others at dinner at the home of Mrs. Lockhart, Fergus’s landlady. Joining them is MacWheeble, the Baron’s bailie (treasurer). The talk turns to the possibility of the Baron’s not returning from battle. MacWheeble is upset at the thought, but the Baron gives him instructions concerning his papers and especially the care of Rose. MacWheeble acquiesces, and the dinner proceeds.

Waverly Chapters 43 and 44 Summary

Waverly, Fergus, and the Baron attend a ball given at Holyrood House. There Waverly meets again Flora and Rose. Though he has entertained some hope that Flora would change her mind about rejecting him, his hopes are dashed at her greeting. Fergus also is upset that she should be so hard-hearted, as he had still entertained hopes that his friend and his sister would be united.

Waverly is greeted once again by Prince Charles Edward, who draws him aside, ostensibly to talk about some of the English families sympathetic to their cause. The Prince also warns Edward to monitor his feelings. Flora has confided in the Prince, so he knows about the relationship between her and Edward.

Waverly is crushed but decides that he will assume a nonchalant air, hoping to make Flora regret her decision by showing what she has lost. In consequence, Edward becomes quite popular with the ladies at the ball. Rose especially is entranced, as her feelings for him have not lessened with time. Fergus and the Baron discuss the hit that Edward has made at the ball.

The next morning Waverly, joined by Callum as his aide, travel through Edinburgh to the camp of the army. There Edward sees the somewhat varied group that is the hope of Scotland. All in all, however, Waverly is impressed with the forces that have gathered to support their Prince. With the blast of a single cannon, Edward moves forward to join his regiment.

Waverly Chapters 45 and 46 Summary

Waverly reaches the division led by Mac-Ivor, who greets him warmly. News is brought of a small skirmish by the Baron against English troops nearby. Some prisoners were taken, and Edward, out of curiosity, goes to see them.

He hears a familiar voice from a hovel. It is Humphrey Houghton, the son of one of his uncle’s tenants and one of the men Edward recruited to join him as part of his regiment in the English army. Humphrey is grievously wounded. Edward goes to Fergus to ask for medical attention for the man, which Fergus grants only after Edward identifies him as one of his own. Humphrey dies, asking why Edward had left them. Waverly is plagued by the guilt of what his actions have brought upon the men who had counted on him when they joined the army, an army he had in fact deserted.

The night before the battle, Waverly approaches the site where the conflict will commence. Looking down on the enemy, he hears the voices of his countrymen. He is momentarily plagued by guilt that he has taken up arms against his fellow Englishmen, betraying his country and committing treason. He sees his former commander in the distance, whom Callum says he could hit easily.

The Baron gives further instructions, stating that he has something else to relate after the battle. Waverly and Fergus wonder what it could be. Fergus guesses that it must be something about his daughter, Rose.

Waverly Chapters 47 and 48 Summary

The battle begins, with the clan of Fergus (which includes Waverly) charging the enemy in a newly harvested cornfield. Waverly performs well, yet not without a twinge of misgiving at fighting his fellow countrymen, each of whom seems somehow familiar.

The Scots win the day easily, yet not without losses. Edward saves the life of one of the English officers, but watches his former commander die. Balmawhapple is a casualty, having his head cleaved open. There is not much sense of loss among his regiment, however, as he was very unpopular.

After the battle, the Baron approaches Waverly and Fergus, who were discussing a watch taken from an English officer. The Baron regrets that the English gave up so easily, as he was hoping to show off some horsemanship. He talks of the necessity of watching out for his troops. This almost re-ignites a quarrel he has with Ballenkeiroch, whose son was under the Baron’s command at a military engagement in the past and lost his life. Fergus pulls him aside and warns him about more bloodshed, this time on their own side.

The Baron discusses his desire to be the one chosen for the ceremony of removing Prince Charles Edward’s boots. It seems he has long sought this honor and intends to approach the Prince about it. Fergus tries to take him seriously, but feels he must warn the Prince of what the Baron intends to ask, lest the Prince start laughing and insult the Baron of Bradwardine.

Waverly Chapters 49 and 50 Summary

Waverly goes to visit the English officer whom he rescued. The prisoner introduces himself as Colonel Talbot, a friend of Sir Everard, Waverly’s uncle. He is distressed to find that Edward has joined the ranks of the Highlanders, since this validates the suspicions of treason against him.

Talbot informs Edward that Sir Everard had been arrested on suspicion of treason because of the charges brought against his nephew Edward. Talbot, as devoted as a son to Sir Everard, used his influence to free Sir Everard from imprisonment and promised to come to Scotland to track down Edward and bring him home. Colonel Gardiner (Edward’s former commanding officer) had softened toward Edward, so there was possibility that the charges might be dropped. As a result of Gardiner’s death, however, and of the proof that Edward has indeed taken up arms against England, Talbot despairs. This conversation is interrupted by Fergus, announcing that the Prince requests Edward’s immediate presence at Pinkie-House, where the Prince is headquartered.

The Prince requests that Edward convince Talbot to join their cause, as he is a friend of Waverly’s uncle. Talbot is highly placed in government connections, so his influence is invaluable. Although he feels uncomfortable about this, Edward agrees. Talbot assures him that he will not attempt escape, since seeking Edward was the reason he came to Scotland in the first place.

Waverly Chapters 51 and 52 Summary

While attending a celebration for the victory at Preston, Flora is wounded by a stray bullet. Waverly, in company with Talbot, returns to his chambers where at last he opens the package that had been delivered to him by Alice.

The package contains letters from Colonel Gardiner, tracing his growing pressure to recall Waverly. There are also other letters, which detail the actions of Donald Bean Lean. Donald, acting as a spy for the Prince, had managed to convince several in Waverly’s troop to join the Highlanders, thus giving rise to suspicions of treason on Waverly’s part. It was Donald who had taken Waverly’s seal while he slept in the cavern, in order to act in Waverly’s name.

Waverly and Talbot spend more and more time together, becoming better acquainted. Waverly grows increasingly impressed with Talbot’s character, and tries to promote a friendship between Talbot and Fergus and the Baron. Talbot, however, is unimpressed with the two Scotsmen. In the meantime, Waverly’s feelings for Rose become gradually more than just "brotherly" affection.

Flora and Rose discuss the character of Waverly. Flora continues to be resistant to anything more than friendly feelings toward him, while Rose’s love deepens. Flora is unimpressed with Waverly as a soldier and says that Rose’s admiration is missing the mark if she is looking for a hero. Yet Rose defends him, pointing out his actions during the battle. Despite Flora’s remarks, Waverly grows ever dearer to her.

Waverly Chapters 53 and 54 Summary

Waverly becomes more disturbed by the machinations in the court of Prince Charles Edward. Everyone seems to be seeking his own advancement rather than the goal of returning the monarchy to the Stuarts.

Fergus comes to talk with Waverly, most upset. He had requested that the Prince grant him Rose Bradwardine in marriage. Seeing her only as an asset to his position and legacy, he is irate that the Prince has refused to grant his request, mainly on the grounds that it is not the right time, but also to prevent jealousy among others who have shown interest and who must be placated to assure their allegiance. As Fergus departs, Waverly is troubled by his mixed emotions on hearing Rose discussed so and to the possibility that she might be given in marriage to someone else.

Waverly joins others for some entertainment. The play Romeo and Juliet is read, leading to intense discussion. When at last prevailed upon to give her opinion, Flora states that it is well that Romeo turned from Rosalind to Juliet. Rosalind, doing nothing to encourage Romeo, gradually killed his love, freeing him to love someone else. Flora states that with little hope love may survive, but not with no hope. Waverly is struck by this argument and seems to see in it a message from Flora. He decides to give up Flora, his "Rosalind," yet wonders if it fair to Fergus to make Rose his "Juliet."

Waverly Chapters 55 and 56 Summary

Waverly is awakened by sounds of distress from Talbot’s room. Talbot has received a letter from his sister, informing him that his wife has miscarried their baby and is in a dangerous situation regarding her own health. This is due to her hearing a false report that Talbot had been killed. She has recovered somewhat on hearing of his safety, but her health is still precarious. Talbot is beside himself with grief.

Waverly, consumed by guilt for being the cause of Talbot’s tragedy, encourages him to leave at once to join his wife and thus preserve her life. Talbot cannot do this, lest Waverly’s own safety be forfeit for allowing a prisoner to escape. Yet Waverly continues to press him, but Talbot refuses to contemplate it until the morning.

The next morning, Waverly arrives at breakfast with a pass from the Prince, allowing Talbot to go to England of his own free will, with the promise only that he will not bear arms against the house of Stuart for one year. Talbot is amazed at how Waverly was able to accomplish this, but Waverly points out the magnanimity of the Prince, who does not want to see women in distress. Though Talbot cannot change his opinion as to the cause for which Waverly fights, much as Waverly has tried to persuade him of the rightness of their cause, he is grateful that he has been shown this honor by the Prince and his friend Waverly.

Waverly Chapters 57 and 58 Summary

While on the march, Waverly informs Fergus that he has ceased his suit for Flora’s hand in marriage. Fergus becomes incensed and plans to approach the Prince with the matter, but Edward discourages him, stating that he is not interested in winning a wife merely because she has had pressure put on her by her guardians.

Fergus becomes angry, so angry that he almost proposes a duel with Edward. Instead, he dismisses him from his regiment and ends their friendship. Edward quickly joins the Baron’s regiment. The Prince is asked to intercede in this quarrel, but Fergus is adamant. In the meantime, Edward becomes invaluable to the Baron’s regiment, and feelings in Fergus’s camp go against Waverly, supposing him to have insulted Flora.

As Waverly was riding along, a shot is fired at him from Callum Bag, his former servant whom he had dismissed because of too-close connections to Fergus. When Waverly appeals to Fergus about the assassination attempt, Fergus disciplines Callum for doing what he himself plans to do. In fact, Fergus calls Waverly out as a rival for Rose’s affections and accuses him of being engaged to her. Waverly denies the report, but Fergus insists its truth as being delivered to him that morning. When the Prince is appealed to, he himself admits that he was the one who told Fergus because that was his assumption. The Prince apologizes for the misunderstanding and forces Fergus and Waverly to shake hands and make peace.

Waverly Chapters 59 and 60 Summary

The Highlanders give up their attempt to invade far into England and go into retreat. On the way, Fergus approaches Waverly, stating that he has received a letter from Flora, in which she recounts that she indeed never encouraged Waverly in his affections. Faced with the evidence that Waverly was innocent of insult, Fergus apologizes. Fergus then encourages Waverly to leave the Highland army to save himself. Waverly refuses to give up the fight so soon, but Fergus continues to urge him. Fergus announces that he has seen the “Grey Spectre,” which is a portent of his own death. Waverly refuses to believe such superstition, believing that is simply a product of weariness and discouragement. Yet Fergus believes it and is convinced that he will die the next day. Indeed, the following day there is a skirmish in which the Highlanders are overwhelmed. Fergus believes the most he can hope for is to be taken prisoner. Waverly is separated from his regiment and proceeds to rejoin them. He comes to a hamlet, where he is apprehended by a girl and her father, the Jopsons, thinking him to be someone else, namely the girl’s suitor. When the mistake is cleared up, it is decided that Waverly will be escorted by Ned Williams, whom Waverly was mistaken to be. When Edward at last returns to the battlefield, he searches the bodies for that of Fergus, but cannot find it. Returning to the hamlet, Edward is snowbound for over a week and begins to regret joining the rebel cause.

Waverly Chapters 61 and 62 Summary

Edward stays with the Jopsons through the wedding of Cecily Jopson and Ned Williams. On a visit from the local clergyman, who brings some newspapers to share the news with Waverly, Edward learns that his father has died and that his uncle will be placed on trial soon if Edward does not surrender. Edward has no great grief for his father, who did not show him much fatherly affection when he was alive, but feels some responsibility for his uncle. He leaves for London on the coach, where he is badgered by an inquisitive lady who tries to determine his identity.

When Waverly arrives in London, he goes immediately to the home of Colonel Talbot, where he is warmly welcomed as Talbot’s "nephew," Frank Stanley. Talbot informs him that his uncle is safely home at Waverly-Honour, but Edward himself is still a wanted man. Many of the charges have been proved untrue, due to the confessions of Donald Bean Lean, who was captured and executed.

Talbot arranges for Waverly to journey incognito to Huntington, where the real Frank Stanley lives. As he has been made executor of Richard Waverly’s estate, Talbot also provides Waverly with sufficient funds.

Waverly then meets with the real Stanley and arranges to travel to Scotland where he will take ship for the Continent, in hopes that he will eventually receive a pardon.

Waverly Chapters 63 and 64 Summary

As Waverly travels back to Edinburgh, he learns of the defeat at Culloden, which effectively ends the Jacobite rebellion. From Mrs. Flockhart, Fergus’s landlady, he learns that Fergus is being held prisoner and awaiting trial. Flora is at Carlisle, to be near her brother. There is no word of Rose, and the Baron has disappeared.

Waverly continues on the road that shows more and more evidence of the destruction of the war. When Edward arrives at Tully-Veolan, he finds it occupied by the British, who have decimated much of it in their occupation. With much trepidation, he journeys to the Baron’s home to find it completely destroyed. The British burned as much of it as they could.

Waverly calls out to Davie, who appears from the ruins. Davie takes Waverly up to the woods to a hut, where there is an old lady. Hidden in the hut is the Baron himself. There is a joyful reunion between the Baron and Edward Waverly.

The Baron tells of his adventures following the defeat of the rebellion. He planned to return to his estate but discovered that it had been forfeited to his male heir, who intends to keep the Baron from receiving any further proceeds from it. Rose is safely with a relative.

The Baron plans to go to France and suggests that Edward accompany him. Edward, however, intends to continue with the plans he made with Talbot. He hopes the Baron will keep him within Rose’s good opinion, but he intends to wait to obtain a pardon through Talbot’s efforts.


Waverly Chapters 65 and 66 Summary

Waverly asks Janet about the young girl who was with her previously when she had attended him. Janet reveals that it was indeed Rose, which Waverly had suspected. Janet further relates the events that had been unknown to Waverly.

Fergus had intended to send some of his soldiers to rescue Waverly when Waverly was first arrested, but had to change his plans. Instead, only Donald Bean was sent, with the further plan to bring Rose to him. Fearing that Donald Bean might do some mischief, Rose wrote to the Prince, who then commanded that Waverly be brought to him.

The Prince misunderstood Waverly’s feelings at seeing Flora and Rose, believing that Waverly’s interest was in Rose, rather than Flora. This led to the further misunderstanding with Fergus, who believed that Waverly had slighted his sister.

Waverly visits Bailie with his plan to marry Rose. While there, Waverly receives a letter from Colonel Talbot, informing him that he is a free man. Talbot had interceded on his behalf to get the charges dropped, although Waverly will still need to appear before the court to receive his pardon. In addition, Talbot managed to procure a pardon for the Baron; his loss of estate, however, will still be in effect. Talbot also forwards on the approval of Sir Everard and Aunt Rachel of the marriage of Waverly and Rose.

Waverly Chapters 67 and 68 Summary

Waverly informs the Baron of his pardon and asks his permission to marry Rose. The Baron is overjoyed at the news of both, and he goes to stay at the Bailie’s home. Waverly proposes to Rose, who accepts with joy.

Waverly plans to go to Waverly-Honour to make plans for the wedding and for his appearance in court concerning his pardon. He also wants to visit Fergus at Carlisle and try to intercede on his behalf. Colonel Talbot is unable to influence anyone in this matter, nor desires to do so, feeling that Fergus must receive punishment for the national upset he has caused.

Waverly journeys to Carlisle and attends the sentencing of Fergus and Evan. Fergus, when given the chance to speak, is defiant to the last. Evan offers the lives of six Highlanders to the court in exchange for the release of Fergus. The two are sentenced to death, to be carried out the following day.

Waverly tries to see Fergus but is denied entrance. However, he procures permission to visit the prisoner the following day.

Waverly visits Flora, who blames herself for her brother’s death. She says that she is responsible for influencing him to take the course of action he chose in addressing Scotland’s ills. She gives a chain of diamonds as a gift to Rose and announces her plans to enter a convent in Paris.

Waverly Chapters 69 and 70 Summary

The day of the execution, Waverly goes to the prison to see Fergus. Fergus appears cheerful and congratulates Waverly on his engagement to Rose. The Highlander refuses him permission to attend his execution, feeling that the sight is more than he can ask of his friend. He also relates to Waverly that he deceived Flora as to the time of the execution so that she will not have to see it. With a last “God save King James,” Fergus is led off to be put to death, while Waverly hears, but does not see, the event take place. That evening, a priest visits to inform him that Fergus died as he had lived—with no regrets. He also tells him that he will leave the next morning to take Flora to the convent.

As Waverly leaves Carlisle, he cannot help but look back at the battlements, where he expected to see the heads of Fergus and Evan. He is informed, however, that they are not there, but in a different part of the castle.

Waverly returns home to Waverly-Honour to a great welcome from Sir Everard and Aunt Rachel. Preparations are made for the wedding, which takes place on the appointed day.  Due to his wife’s poor health, Talbot is not able to attend, but proposes a trip for the happy couple to an estate in Scotland that Talbot wants to purchase. Waverly, Rose, and the Baron then proceed back to Scotland.

Waverly Chapters 71 and 72 Summary

The Bailie invited the wedding party to Little Veolan, which the Baron reluctantly agreed to.  They visit the Baron’s old home, now repaired of all damage, believing it to be the home that Talbot has purchased. They are met there by Talbot and his wife, who welcome them warmly.  Talbot describes to the Baron the home he has bought in Scotland. When asked who then bought the Bradwardine estate, the Baron is informed that it has been purchased by Waverly and returned to the Baron as a life interest. The house has been restored as much as possible to its former condition, with the addition of a large portrait of Fergus and Waverly in Highland dress.

In addition, the Baron’s heirloom cup has been located (in the possession of Mrs. Nosebag, Waverly’s coach companion) and returned to its rightful owner.

The author, Sir Walter Scott, concludes with a history of Scotland since the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745. The Jacobites have been eradicated and are no longer a threat to the peace of Great Britain. The Scots have been assimilated into the nation, enjoying the wealth of the country as a whole.

Some incidents related in the novel are based on truth. The accidental shot that almost killed Flora was based on a real incident involving a lady of rank. The dispersion of the Highlanders into hiding is also historical, as is the escape of Prince Charles Edward.