Style and Technique

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Unlike most of Hannah’s fiction, “Water Liars” has no violence, has a fairly straightforward plot, and even includes a traditional epiphany. Yet the greatest strengths of the story are those found in most of his writing—the style, the voice, and the language. “Water Liars” is replete with word play that develops character, theme, and tone. In the opening sentence the narrator refers to himself as being “flocked around by the world,” an unusual word choice that indicates a sense of being surrounded like an animal, trapped and helpless. Even though he later proclaims he is not “poor-mouthing” and that he does not want pity from anyone, he clearly feels betrayed and regards himself to be a victim.

Another significant use of word play in the opening paragraph is the reference to the old liars “snapping and wheezing at one another.” “Wheeze” suggests not only the difficulty the old men have breathing, but that they are telling familiar jokes or tales, stories that enable them to escape rather than face reality.

Some of the word play turns, as it frequently does in Hannah’s fiction, into scatological humor. The scatological imagery reflects the bleakness, the negativity of life; at the same time, the accompanying humor provides one means of coping with that bleakness. The narrator’s place of escape is Farte Cove, and the narrator focuses attention on the implications of the name so that they do not escape the reader....

(The entire section is 425 words.)