The Water-Babies Critical Essays

Charles Kingsley

Critical Survey of Science Fiction and Fantasy The Water-Babies Analysis

A complex and elusive novel, The Water-Babies (subtitled A Fairy Tale for a Land-Baby) attempts to reconcile scientific learning with Christian faith. In this respect it is like many other nineteenth century novels, including George Eliot’s Middlemarch (1871-1872) and Edwin Abbott’s Flatland (1884). Charles Kingsley, a clergyman, uses fantasy as a vehicle for affirming the value of faith in the unseen, especially in a God who can make anything, including water-babies. He mocks scientists who do not believe in fairies as well as Christians who fear science’s potential for destroying faith, and he suggests that people should be imaginative and open-minded to all possibilities. At one point in the novel, Mrs. Bedonebyasyoudid says, “Folks say now that I can make beasts into men, by circumstance, and selection, and competition, and so forth. Well, perhaps they are right; and perhaps, again, they are wrong.” Kingsley does not deny the possibility of evolution but instead credits God for evolution, if it occurs, and is careful to distinguish between humans as they are now and the animals. Whether it is the “hippopotamus major” in the human brain or the faculty of imagination that makes people something more than animals, humans have been singled out by God to be nature’s engineers, the caretakers of creation.

The concept of evolution organizes and permeates the novel, from the mention of Charles Darwin in...

(The entire section is 523 words.)