Warriors Don't Cry

by Melba Pattillo Beals

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Discussion Topic

Key topics, themes, and events in Warriors Don't Cry

Summary:

Key topics, themes, and events in Warriors Don't Cry include racial segregation, the struggle for civil rights, and the personal experiences of Melba Pattillo Beals during the integration of Central High School. Themes of courage, resilience, and the impact of systemic racism are central, highlighting the challenges and triumphs of the Little Rock Nine in their fight for equality.

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What is the main topic of the first chapter in Warriors Don't Cry?

Chapter 1 is an introductory chapter that focuses on two main things. First, the chapter introduces the reader to Melba and her family. We get to see that they are well-educated, thoughtful, and caring people. Readers also get to see that the family has hope for their own future as well as the future of race relations in general. Race relations are the second main topic of the chapter. Seeing concrete examples of racism, discrimination, and segregation, readers are able to better understand how pervasive the feelings of white superiority were at that point in American history. It is an especially eye-opening moment in the chapter when we get to witness Melba voicing her desire to trade in her black skin for white skin; India does a wonderful job of interpreting this, saying that Melba's true desire isn't skin color but freedom.

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What is the theme of Warriors Don't Cry?

One theme of Warriors Don't Cry is overcoming racism and social injustice. Beals was one of the Little Rock Nine, the first black students to integrate all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957. This is a first-person account of the trials and racism these black students encountered during their year at Central. Beals relates not only her personal experiences, but also those of her classmates, both black and white, during this time. They are spat upon, hit, cursed at, chased, and threatened. Despite these injustices, the black students remained, resisting the attempts of many, including officials, to prevent them from attending school at Central.

Another important theme would be using resistance to change social structure. The Little Rock Nine did not cower; although only one of them graduated from the school--Ernest Green, a senior--and only a few of them actually managed to last the entire year, their stance and fight changed the face of Little Rock and many schools across the nation. They were passive in their resistance; Grandma India suggests, for example, that rather than respond with vitriol to the hateful actions of white students, teachers, and community members, Melba should smile and politely and thank them. Beals notes that this shifts the power into her hands, as the students in particular do not know how to respond to this reaction.

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What is the main event in Chapter 8 of "Warriors Don't Cry"?

The most important and major event that takes place in Chapter 8 occurs in the first half of the chapter after Melba and her family are delivered a note in the middle of the night from President Eisenhower stating that if she is permitted to go back to school the next day, she will be protected.  Given the information in the letter and its source, Melba and her family decide that she will return to school.  Therefore, Melba and the others are escorted into school by the Screaming Eagles, 101st Division.  Melba's day at Central High is the same as previous days but she now has bodyguards and reflects upon her experiences and the reason that the president sent those troops to protect her in her journal entry at the end of the chapter.   

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