Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 623
In his earliest memory, Joey (a "gangling, leggy colt . . . not yet six months old") is separated from his mother at a horse sale. He is not sold at once. Finally, a drunken man purchases him for three guineas. Terrified, Joey tries to get away, but he is forcibly restrained and haltered by his new owner and his friends. He is then tied to the back of a cart and taken to a small farm, which is to be his new home.
Joey is left unceremoniously in a stable. His only consolation is that he is housed in a stall next to an old mare named Zoey, who seems kind and sympathetic. After a while, a young boy comes running from the farmhouse with his mother. Albert, who is thirteen, is excited to see the horse his father has brought home. Mother says that Father bought Joey out of spite, to prevent another farmer from getting him, but Albert does not care. He is just happy that Joey is here. He rubs down the colt and brings him food and water. Joey is calmed by the boy's gentle, caring manner. He knows that he has found "a friend for life."
Albert cares for Joey during the following months, training him to walk and trot on command and to come to the sound of his whistle. For the most part, Father ignores the horse. On Tuesdays, when his father comes home drunk from market, Albert finds some pretext to be with Joey so that his father will leave the colt alone. One Tuesday evening, however, Albert must go down to the village church to ring the bells. While he is away, Father approaches Joey with a whip in his hand; he has made a bet with another farmer that he can have the colt pulling a plow before the end of the week, and he intends to win it. In a panic, Joey lashes out with his hooves, striking Albert's father on the leg. The drunken man leaves angrily and threatens to sell the colt straightaway.
The next morning, Albert sternly reprimands his horse, telling him that he must never kick anyone ever again if he wants to survive. Albert promises Father that he will train Joey himself, and the boy and the colt work tirelessly all week. Under the boy's firm but kind tutelage, Joey learns to pull the plow; at the end of the week, Albert's father wins his bet and declares the horse can stay.
Some months later, England goes to war against Germany. Albert is consumed with excitement; he believes, as do many others, that England will give the enemy "a hiding" they will not forget and that the war will be over in a few months. Albert dreams of becoming a soldier, and he thinks Joey would make a good war horse. Mother, however, receives the news of war with trepidation.
Although war has been declared, the conflict does not affect life on the farm at first. Joey and Albert develop into quite a team, spending the summer days riding over the fields tending to the sheep. Over time, however, Albert's father becomes increasingly disagreeable. He is worried about paying the mortgage on the farm, and he is bitter because he is too old to join the forces fighting in France.
One night, Father tells his son to take their saddleback boar to a neighboring farm to be bred. Sensing trouble, Albert complies reluctantly. While he is gone, Father comes into the stable and puts a halter on Joey's head. Speaking with uncharacteristic gentleness, he tells the horse, "You'll be all right, old son . . . they promised they would [look after you] . . . and I need the money bad."
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 639
Albert's father takes Joey into the village and sells him for forty pounds to a military officer named Captain Nicholls. Filled with regret, Father begs the captain to make sure that the horse comes to no harm. Before he leaves, he whispers to Joey, "You won't understand and neither will Albert, but unless I sell you, I can't keep up with the mortgage and we'll lose the farm."
Knowing that he is about to be abandoned, Joey becomes frantic, and as gentle hands try unsuccessfully to console him, Albert comes running up. He realizes that his father has sold Joey. Albert asks Captain Nicholls to be allowed to join up, so that he can stay with his horse, but the captain says that he is too young. Captain Nicholls is a kind man, however, and promises that he will take care of the horse personally. As Albert takes leave of Joey, he vows that he will find him again, wherever he may be.
A hard, heavy-handed man named Corporal Samuel Perkins is given the responsibility of training Joey to be a cavalry mount, an arduous process. Captain Nicholls' frequent visits during these days are the horse's only consolation. The captain, an artist, is working on a painting of Joey to send back to Albert. As he works, he talks about the war; unlike many others who are filled with bravado and optimism when thinking about the conflict, he is acutely aware of the harsh realities of battle.
With less than a week before the regiment will be sent to the front lines, Captain Nicholls admonishes Corporal Perkins to be firm but gentle with Joey and to "look after him as if he were [his] own." Joey settles into his training, and by the time he performs his last maneuvers with Captain Nicholls before the entire regiment, he is able to acquit himself well. During the simulated charge, which is the climax of the demonstration, the captain rides alongside his good friend, Captain Jamie Stewart. Captain Stewart is astride a tall, shining black stallion named Topthorn, who rivals Joey in strength but has a gentle demeanor. The two horses are stabled side by side that night, and quickly become fast friends. The next day, both are loaded onto a converted ocean liner with the troops and shipped to France—and the war.
The voyage across the sea is turbulent, but Joey is comforted by the equanimity of his new companion, Topthorn. A mood of exuberant anticipation characterizes the soldiers headed for the front, but that quickly changes when they reach their destination. The wounded are everywhere along the quayside, and faced with evidence of the real nature of battle, the newcomers are chastened; not a single one of them is prepared for what he will have to endure.
As they march across open country toward the distant sound of guns, however, the men's optimistic outlook returns. Joey and Topthorn are always together, as are their riders, Captain Nicholls and Captain Stewart. After days of scouring the countryside in what seems to be an aimless exercise, the squadron finally blunders upon the enemy. They ready for a charge, and with Topthorn beside him, Joey races straight forward into a barrage of deadly machine gun and rifle fire. The horse soon realizes that he is at the front of the pack, with no rider, and he is aware of little other than blind terror. Somehow, he manages to reach the line of kneeling enemy riflemen; after scattering them, he then races off alone, away from the sound of the thundering guns. Joey is finally found by Captain Stewart and Topthorn. As he is led back through the carnage, he learns that Captain Nicholls has been killed leading the charge; Joey will never see the kind and gentle man again.
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 669
The next morning, Captain Stewart places Joey under the care of a raw recruit named Trooper Warren. Although the callow youth is not a good horseman, he is kind, "the gentlest of men." The squadron takes part in a few minor skirmishes that autumn, but for the most part, the horses are used for transport rather than cavalry. During the long, grueling marches to which they are assigned, Trooper Warren talks to Joey, telling him that he had been a blacksmith's apprentice before the war and had been forced to join up because someone to whom his father had been indebted had required it.
Winter comes. The horses have little protection from the unrelenting rain, snow, and sleet, but Trooper Warren cares for Joey "with great devotion." Many horses become ill and are carted to the veterinary hospital, never to return, but Joey and Topthorn make it through to the spring. Trooper Warren receives letters from his mother, describing the mundane occurrences of life at home. The young soldier tells Joey about Sally, his girl; when the war is over, he says, he plans to go back and marry her.
One cold night in early spring, the cavalry is sent back to the front. After months of inaction, the soldiers are ebullient, but their mood is quickly tempered when they see the desolation and destruction of the actual battlefield. The squadron passes over trenches and fans out in an echelon in the wilderness of no-man's-land, the vacant area between the opposing armies. As the bugle sounds for the charge, Trooper Warren bravely tells his surging mount, "Do me proud, Joey . . . do me proud."
As the horses and riders race forward, shells begin to rain down on them. Men and animals fall screaming all around them, but Joey and Topthorn manage, with a few others, to get to the twisted barbed wire at the top of the hill. Some of the horses run right into the wire before they can be stopped. They tear themselves to ribbons as they wildly thrash around, trying to escape. Captain Stewart locates a low area along the wire and guides Topthorn and Joey to a place where they can jump the barricade. They are the only two horses to make it through to enemy lines with their riders.
On the other side of the barricade, Topthorn, Joey, Captain Stewart, and Trooper Warren are quickly surrounded by armed German soldiers. As they are taken prisoner, Captain Stewart looks back over the scene of wasteful destruction through which they have just passed; the dead are everywhere, and the few horses still struggling to escape the punishing wire are mercifully being shot by the advancing German infantry. Captain Stewart and Trooper Warren are taken by their captors down a road toward a cluster of ruined buildings, while Topthorn and Joey are led away farther down the valley. There is no time for a proper farewell.
Although their strength and valor are clearly recognized by the German officers on the field, headquarters assigns Topthorn and Joey to transport duty, pulling cartloads of the maimed from the trenches to the hospital. The two horses are placed under the care of Herr Hauptmann, a wounded soldier pressed into service because of his experience with animals. While the battle rages, the horses trudge back and forth to the front lines continuously. Joey notes that the faces of the countless wounded are familiar; only their uniforms are different.
That night, Topthorn and Joey are housed in a stable on a farm across the fields from the hospital. There, to their relief, they are provided with a rack full of sweet hay and buckets of clear, cold water. Afterwards, when they are just drifting off into an exhausted sleep, an old man and a young girl come into the stable, carrying a lantern. The girl, who has heard that the horses have been brought there, is mesmerized by their beauty. She pleads with her grandfather, "Please, can they be mine?"
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 741
Joey and Topthorn continue transporting the wounded from the front line to the hospital all during that summer and fall. Although their trips back and forth are arduous and often terrifying, for the most part the horses are happy; the soldiers are kind and appreciative toward them. At the end of each day, the little girl, whose name is Emilie, and her grandfather are waiting for them by the stable door. The old man and the child are in charge of caring for the horses when the workday is done, and they perform their tasks with gentleness and devotion. Emilie, "a tiny, frail creature," becomes especially attached to Joey and Topthorn. In the evenings, she leads them about the farm with confidence and talks to them companionably.
The certainty of being with Emilie at the end of each day helps the two horses endure even the most frightful experiences, but one evening, as winter settles in, she is not there to greet them. Her grandfather tearfully tells Joey and Topthorn that the dear child is sick with pneumonia and that the doctor does not know if she will live. Emilie prays each night for her dead father, mother, and brother, all killed in the war. She also prays for her grandfather and the horses; she prays that Joey and Topthorn survive the war and that she will be able to be with them forever.
Snow falls heavily the next day, and the shelling is especially intense. It is Christmas. The wounded men sing slow, mournful carols as they are taken to the hospital. That night, the stars come out, and Emilie's grandfather greets the horses with great relief. Emilie has taken a turn for the better. He gratefully tells them, "All's well . . . all's well."
In the spring, the war suddenly moves away from the area. As they are not needed to transport men from the front, Topthorn and Joey are left to graze in the meadow most of the time. Emilie is still weak from her illness, but she rides the horses and cares for them as friends. One evening, a convoy of trucks comes up the road; the field hospital is being moved, and the army will no longer need the horses. Joey and Topthorn will be allowed to remain on the farm with Emilie and her grandfather.
Delighted to be a farm horse once again, Joey enjoys a halcyon summer, but when autumn comes and the harvest is in, the soldiers come back once again. This time, things are different. These soldiers are "a different breed of men," with harshness and a sense of urgency in their eyes. The troops camp for one night in the fields, and when they leave, an officer announces that they need transportation for their artillery and will be taking the horses. Emilie pleads with the callous man piteously, but her grandfather exhorts her to hide her tears and be "proud and strong like [her] brother was." Regaining her composure, the little girl hugs Topthorn and Joey good-bye, and then hands their reins over to the officer, telling him boldly, "I'm just lending them to you . . . look after them and make sure you bring them back."
When Topthorn and Joey return to the front, they find that conditions are more terrible than ever. There are dead and wounded men everywhere, and the countryside is laid waste for miles between and behind the trenches. Food is scarce; the attitude of the troops is one of unspeakable fear and desolation. Although Joey and Topthorn are treated roughly, Joey does not think their handlers are cruel men. He believes the stress and increasing hopelessness of their situation are causing them to lose the last vestiges of their humanity.
Joey and Topthorn are used in a team of six horses to transport artillery. Besides the two of them, there are in the team a giant horse named Heinie; Coco, a scrappy horse with a nasty temper; and a pair of small ponies referred to as "the two golden Haflingers." Like the men, the horses are driven to the limits of their endurance in brutal conditions, and the abuse quickly takes its toll on their well-being. Heinie becomes so sick and wasted that he must be euthanized, and Coco is hit by shrapnel and also must be destroyed. Topthorn takes ill. Even though his survival depends on getting rest, he is nonetheless forced to continue working.
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 625
Though his health is permanently compromised that spring, Topthorn somehow manages to survive his illness. Summer brings a respite. There are no battles for the beleaguered horses, and they spend their days grazing idly in the meadow. One day, Topthorn and Joey are put on a detail to pull the ammunition cart up to the artillery lines some miles away. For this assignment, they are placed under the command of a kind old soldier known affectionately as Crazy Old Friedrich.
The work is strenuous, and the horses, who have just begun to regain their strength, are taxed to their physical limit once again. They discover, however, that Friedrich is not crazy at all; he is instead a sensitive, dependable friend who can be trusted implicitly. Friedrich's whole nature cries out against the insanity of war. He wonders aloud to Topthorn and Joey, "How can one man kill another and not really know the reason why he does it, except that the other man wears a different color uniform?" The soldier develops a particular closeness to Topthorn and confides in him; if Friedrich must die out here on the battlefield, he says, he would like to die alongside Topthorn. Friedrich promises, however, that he will do everything in his power to get all of them—Topthorn, Joey, and himself—back home alive.
When autumn comes, the horses must go to war again, and Friedrich rides with them. Joey notices that the fighting men look younger now; they seem to be the same age as his Albert was when they were separated. One day as they are traversing an especially steep road, Topthorn, in failing health, stumbles and falls. He does not get up again; Joey has lost his "best and dearest friend."
As Joey, Friedrich, and the other soldiers gather sadly around the body of the fallen horse, shells begin to rain down upon them. Everyone scatters, but Joey refuses to abandon his closest companion. Friedrich tries to drag the distraught animal away to safety, but to no avail. He finally throws down Joey's reins and tries to make his own escape. Sadly, he never reaches the shelter of the woods. He is struck down just a short distance away from Topthorn. Friedrich's body tumbles back down the hill and comes to rest next to the dead horse.
Joey remains with the bodies of his friends all that day and into the night. His fear of the shelling, which continues along the valley, is overpowered by a deep sense of sadness and love for Topthorn and Friedrich and by the devastating realization that once he leaves them, he will be utterly alone in the world. Near dawn, a line of tanks comes over the ridge, emitting a grating, rattling sound that is more intimidating than any artillery Joey has ever heard. "Blind terror" finally causes the horse to move. He bolts down the hill and runs until exhaustion overtakes him; he then falls into a dreamless sleep.
When Joey awakes, he finds himself in a dark nether land, with guns firing all around him. In a panic, he gets up and runs again, blindly, into the night. He stumbles into a coil of barbed wire, and although he manages to kick himself free, his foreleg is sliced badly. Joey stumbles on into the darkness; it is the longest night of his life, "a nightmare of agony, terror, and loneliness."
As dawn breaks and the mist of morning clears away, Joey finds that he is standing in a wide corridor of shattered land between "two vast, unending rolls of barbed wire that stretch away into the distance." He is in "no-man's-land," the wasteland between the fronts of the two enemy forces, German and British.
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 761
As Joey limps back and forth across no-man's-land in confusion, he hears calls and cheers from men on both sides. Finally, a soldier in a gray uniform boldly climbs out of one of the trenches, waving a white flag above his head. The soldier is a German, and after clipping through the barbed wire, he approaches Joey slowly, calling to him. A few moments later, another man, dressed in khaki, emerges from the trenches on the opposite side; he is British, as adept with horses as is his German counterpart.
The two soldiers face each other, with Joey standing between them. The German, who speaks a little English, suggests that since he has arrived first on the scene, the horse should be his. As the two begin to talk, the soldiers on both sides witnessing their exchange fall silent. The conversation is amiable, and the German sensitively decides that they should toss a coin to decide Joey's fate, so that "no one loses any pride . . . and everyone will be happy."
The British soldier wins the toss, and the German graciously allows him to take the end of the rope he has slipped around Joey's neck. The two shake hands, and the German soldier says softly:
In an hour, maybe two . . . we will be trying our best again each other to kill. God only knows why we do it . . . [but] we have shown them, haven't we? We have shown them that any problem can be solved between people if only they can trust each other. This is all it needs, no?
The two men embrace briefly and then return to their respective trenches, wishing each other well as they take their leave.
By the time he arrives at the veterinary station on the British side, Joey can barely stand. News of his dramatic acquisition has preceded him, and he is received with much excitement and gentle concern. The horse is assigned to a young soldier, who is told to clean him up so that he can be examined by Major Martin, the veterinarian. When the youth speaks, Joey is overwhelmed with delight: He recognizes his voice.
Unable to contain his excitement at being reunited with his beloved Albert, Joey rears up on his hind legs, but since he is completely covered with mud and blood, the young man does not recognize him. Albert's friend David comes out to help him with the horse. As they work, David light-heartedly teases his companion for having joined the Veterinary Corps on the off chance that he might come across the animal he had to give up when the war began. David's attitude of levity quickly changes, however, when he notices that the horse to which they are ministering has the coloring and distinctive markings of the very creature Albert is seeking.
When Albert finally realizes what David already knows, he looks carefully at the steed, but he is unwilling to believe that what he has longed for has finally happened. To be sure that the horse is really Joey, he puts him to the test. Albert walks away from the horse, cups his hands to his lips, and whistles. Recognizing the familiar summons, Joey immediately trots over and puts his nose on his master's shoulder. Albert embraces his old friend, crying, "It's my Joey . . . He's come back to me just like I said he would."
In the days that follow, Albert and Joey spend every spare minute they have together, but although he is ecstatic to be with his beloved master, Joey does not seem to get better as quickly as expected. One morning, he awakens to find that he is unable to eat his mash; there is a terrible pain along his spine, and his forelegs will not work as they should. Major Martin discerns that the horse has developed tetanus and regretfully suggests that it would be better to end his suffering quickly.
Devastated by the news, Albert, David, and the other soldiers beg the major to try to save Joey. Although he cautions that the horse has only a small chance of surviving, the veterinarian relents. Joey is rigged up in a sling in his stall; the stable is kept dark and quiet, and an orderly, usually Albert, is assigned to be with the patient at all times. The days pass slowly and painfully, and as Major Martin has predicted, the horse's condition worsens before it gets better. Finally, however, the illness abates, and to the delight of all who love him, it becomes clear that Joey will survive.
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 782
In time, Joey is well enough to return to war. Albert is always with him now, so he is no longer afraid of the guns. The men talk often about the war; Albert's friend David says that the Germans are "about finished" and that the whole disaster could be over by Christmas. Albert tells Joey about home and about his girl, Maisie Brown, who has eyes "as blue as cornflowers, hair as gold as ripe corn," and who bakes bread "like you've never tasted." Though Maisie had cried when Albert had left, she was the only one who had said that he was right to go and try to find his horse.
One awful day, as the battles are winding down, David is killed by a stray shell. Albert is inconsolable. He no longer smiles or whistles, and he is prone to long periods of brooding silence. The war finally ends, but there is no joy or celebration in its conclusion; there is only "a sense of profound relief." At first, very little changes as a result of the cessation of hostilities. Eventually plans come through for the unit; as David had predicted, the men will be home by Christmas. The good news is tempered by a devastating contingency, however. The horses will not be returning with the soldiers. They will be staying in France, to be sold at auction.
The men take up a collection among themselves and enter into a conspiracy to save at least one of the horses, Joey. Though the plan is clearly against orders, even Major Martin is in on it; in fact, "the whole thing [is] his idea." That night, Albert tells Joey that he cannot make any promises as to the outcome of their scheme, but he has done what he can. He has asked for help from the major and the others, and everyone has come through. Now Joey's fate is all up to God.
The sale starts early the next morning, and Joey watches as, one by one, the other horses are sold ahead of him. When it is his turn, the bidding is enthusiastic; his price rises until only two interested buyers remain. One is a sergeant from the unit, while the other is a man with "weasel eyes" and a "greedy smile," a butcher from Cambrai. It quickly becomes evident that the sergeant is going to be outbid, but just as Joey is about to be sold to the butcher for twenty-seven English pounds, a white-haired old gentleman comes forth and offers twenty-eight, declaring that he will pay as much as he has to in order to secure "Emilie's horse."
Joey's buyer is indeed young Emilie's grandfather, the old farmer who cared for him when he was first captured by the Germans. After the auction, Albert and his friends stand by glumly while the sergeant and Major Martin talk with the old man. When the conversation is finished, Emilie's grandfather comes over and extends his hand to Albert. He explains how Joey and another horse, Topthorn, had come to live with him and his granddaughter on their farm near the German field hospital and how Emilie had come to love the noble creatures like members of her own family. When the horses had been taken from them, Emilie, who had been sickly already, had lost the will to live. She had passed away a year ago, but before she had died, she had made her grandfather promise that he would find Joey and Topthorn and look after them.
Having heard Albert's story, Emilie's grandfather believes that Emilie would have liked what he is about to do. The old man makes Albert a proposition. He will sell Emilie's horse to him for the handsome sum of one English penny and a solemn promise that Albert will love Joey as much as Emilie did and care for him "until the end of his days." Too moved to speak, Albert holds out his hand in acceptance. The old man puts his hands on the young soldier's shoulders and kisses him, "for Emilie." When he receives his English penny, he takes it and turns to go. "I shall treasure it always," he says.
That Christmas, Joey and Albert return home. They are received "like conquering heroes," but they both know that the real heroes are lying beneath the ground in France, with Captain Nicholls, Topthorn, Friedrich, David, and little Emilie. Albert marries Maisie Brown, and Joey goes back to work on the farm with "dear old Zoey." Joey's only regret is that he never gets to taste the bread Maisie bakes, which is every bit as good as Albert says it is.