War Themes (Marguerite Duras)

Marguerite Duras

Social Concerns / Themes

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

The three short narratives that constitute this book were composed as a diary in 1944, during World War II. Duras says that she does not remember writing them, although she recognizes the handwriting as being her own. The first and longest dramatically tells the story of her activities in the French Resistance and her fear that her husband might be dead. In it she captures the anguish of all women waiting for someone to return from combat or prison. The ring of the telephone is an omen of bad news. Women wait anxiously at train stations for men to return from liberated camps. The Allies are advancing, but the Nazis often kill prisoners rather than allowing them to be liberated. Anxiously her thoughts turn to her husband while her feet take her through Paris. She is sure of the worst. Then one day he is brought back, at death's door. She nurses him through a long and difficult illness, from which he eventually recovers. One day she tells him she plans to divorce him to have a child by another man, a friend of his. This surprise announcement illustrates the emotional strains produced by war, and the breakdown of marriages caused by these upheavals.

The second story, "Monsieur X, Here Called Rabier," addresses the ambiguous relationships between the French and the Germans during the Occupation. The author has come to know Rabier while trying to make contact with her husband. Rabier, however, is a mystery to her. She does not know whether he intends to kill...

(The entire section is 579 words.)