Wanda Coleman Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Wanda Coleman is an African American writer who writes about the oppression of blacks, the persecution of females, and the inequitable class structure of the contemporary United States. Primarily known as a poet, she has also published short and long prose, and her nonfiction articles appear regularly in the Los Angeles Times Magazine.

Coleman was raised in Watts, a section of Los Angeles widely known for the riots that took place there in 1965. An introverted and bookish child, Coleman was encouraged to write by her parents, and by the time she was fifteen she had published several poems. She briefly attended California State University at Los Angeles in 1964 and Los Angeles City College in 1967. Later, she attended Stanford University for a time. By the time she was twenty, she was a political activist, wife, and mother of two children.

Coleman was divorced by 1964, and she decided to pursue a career as a professional writer. While she struggled at writing, she supported her family as a waitress, bartender, dancer, typist, and medical clerk-transcriber. Her first published short story, “Watching the Sunset,” appeared in Negro Digest in 1970; it portrays a lonely middle-aged teacher regretting a life that passed too quickly. The story deals with the realities of racism and with African Americans’ concern with skin color, themes that are developed in her later work.

During the 1970’s, Coleman experimented in various media, including theater, dance, and journalism. She also wrote television scripts for the daytime drama Days of Our Lives in 1975-1976, becoming the first African American to win an Emmy Award for writing for a drama series. She was also the first woman editor of an African American men’s magazine, Players. The constrictions of commercial writing and the pressures of child rearing, however, led Coleman to poetry, a short form that provides almost unlimited creative freedom. During this period, she married briefly and bore a third child.

Under the influence of Charles Bukowski, a Los Angeles poet whom she admired, Coleman sent her first poetry manuscript to Black Sparrow Press, whose publisher, John Martin, became an important mentor. He published her chapbook Art in the Court of the Blue Fag, followed by Mad Dog Black Lady and Imagoes. Using authentic black English and internal rhyme, her...

(The entire section is 990 words.)


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Juno, Andrea, and V. Vale. “Wanda Coleman.” Re/Search 13 (Fall, 1991). Examines Coleman’s life and work from a feminist perspective.

Magistrale, Tony. “Doing Battle with the Wolf: A Critical Introduction to Wanda Coleman’s Poetry.” Black American Literature Forum 23 (Fall, 1989). A close analysis of Coleman’s poetry by an English professor.

Magistrale, Tony, and Patricia Ferriera. “Sweet Mama Wanda Tells Fortunes: An Interview with Wanda Coleman.” Black American Literature Forum 24 (Fall, 1990). Allows Coleman to talk informally about her own life, clearly illuminating the sources of her writing.

O’Mara, Kathleen K. “Wanda Coleman.” In American Short-Story Writers Since World War II, edited by Patrick Meanor. Vol. 130 in Dictionary of Literary Biography. Detroit: Gale Group, 1993. A comprehensive profile of Coleman up to 1993 that focuses on her short fiction.