Arroyo. Town in southern Texas’s Rio Grande Valley where Dove begins his adventures. His father, Fitz Linkhorn, originally went there in the early twentieth century from Virginia. The valley orange trees scented the air and yielded an abundance of fruit each year. Cotton crops were equally bountiful, and oil was soon discovered in the area. Within a year, however, the oil dried up and the crops failed. As a result of these problems, Dove leaves on his travels, but at the end of the novel, he returns to Arroyo, blind, defeated, and no longer the innocent young man who originally left the place.
*Houston. Large southeastern Texas city to which Dove first goes after leaving Arroyo. From there he moves from one hobo camp to another in the Rio Grande Valley, living with and learning from men who have been dispossessed of jobs and homes by the Depression. The starkness of the hobo camps educates Dove in the realities of the Depression-era world. In each “hobo jungle,” he learns a new lesson of life, just as traditional picaresque heroes always do.
*New Orleans. Louisiana’s major city, where Dove arrives at the height of the Depression. As a city of the Old South, to which the Civil War and Reconstruction had already brought dire economic changes, New Orleans is a particularly impoverished place in the 1930’s. Nevertheless, its diverse shops, restaurants,...
(The entire section is 431 words.)