David Lindsay, almost unknown during his lifetime, is now regarded as an important influence on modern fantasy, including the works of C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien. He brought new themes to the genre when he explored reality and spiritual evolution in his first novel, A Voyage to Arcturus. The public generally was unreceptive, not only to this first effort but also to subsequent works that shared its themes.
Critics were only slightly more enthused about A Voyage to Arcturus. Their main objection was directed at his prose style, which struck many as amateurish and crude, with its stilted language and rambling narrative. His lack of grace, his long passages of explanation, and odd statements such as “The cliffs were climbed up” caused many, including C. S. Lewis, to label Lindsay’s style as appalling. A few critics have argued that this awkward style was purposeful, meant to confuse the reader in the same way that Maskull is confused, to present ambiguities in writing that match the ambiguities in life.
The book has been saved from complete obscurity not by its style but by the ideas presented in it. Lindsay was influenced by Plato, German philosophers Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche, Scottish essayist Thomas Carlyle, and the English aesthetic movement headed by Walter Pater. Under Plato’s influence, Lindsay contrasted two worlds (the real and the ideal) and explored the traps of the tangible world, the...
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