Themes and Meanings

(Critical Guide to Poetry for Students)

In “View with a Grain of Sand,” Szymborska stimulates her readers to question their interpretations of the world around them. Viewers of the lake might normally watch the waves lapping at the shore, but readers of the poem are reminded that the waves and the shore in themselves signify nothing except that the wind has ruffled the surface of the lake and that the water ends at a certain point. The refreshment, serenity, or pleasure usually associated with such perceptions have nothing to do with the lake itself but only with the people who view the lake. The poem encourages readers to remember this as they consider their own responses to such scenery. If the water, shore, and wind that humans see as beautiful are untouched by human thought, they also lack any inherent meaning for human beings. The same is true of the sky and sun, which only obey their own natures and do nothing of what humans believe them to do. By implication, the only meaning is that which people make for themselves in their thoughts about the world. Even the passage of time, essential to thought and human consciousness, has no essential meaning for humankind. People may perceive it as purposeful or fast, but that is only because of their capacity to deceive themselves. Time, in the final line of the poem, truly bears an “inhuman” message, one that people could never understand because it is totally alien to them. The human perception of time will always be in human terms. It is as if human...

(The entire section is 430 words.)