A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings by Gabriel García Márquez

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At a Glance

  • Márquez writes in the style of magical realism, a term that refers to works of art that include magical elements in an otherwise realist world. The appearances of both the old man and the spider woman indicate that the story is set in a world where magical things sometimes occur.
  • Márquez uses both natural and divine imagery in his descriptions of places, characters, and events in the short story. In the first paragraph, he writes that "the world had been sad since Tuesday," when it started raining. This sets the tone for the story.
  • Wings are symbols of freedom, power, and divinity in the story. When the old man flies, he's both literally and symbolically freeing himself from his years as a sideshow attraction. 

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Analysis

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

In “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings,” García Márquez makes use of several highly inventive diversions from the basic story line to make interpretation even more elusive. In these narrative diversions theme and technique become inseparably intertwined. Although the old man/angel is central to the story, and every event bears on him, his appearance, behavior, identity, fate, or effects, the attention focused on the old man is frequently interrupted by shifts of focus to other characters, who are sometimes named and described at length. The obtrusiveness of the narrator, who is both at one with and apart from the other characters, also functions to distract the reader. The story, in fact, vacillates between the perspective of the omniscient narrator and that of the villagers, individually and collectively. When Father Gonzaga enters, for example, he reveals his suspicions about the old man, his observations about him, his sermon to the assembly of villagers, and his promise to seek advice from higher authorities. A few pages later, there appears a synopsis of his correspondence to the pope about the old man, and after another few pages, the waning of the old man’s popularity seemingly cures Father Gonzaga of his insomnia. Then the old man disappears from the narrative altogether.

The full history of the carnival woman who was transformed into a spider for disobeying her parents constitutes another episode and provides a similar distraction, as do the imaginative excesses of the ailments suffered by those who seek the old man’s help and the cures he provides: A blind man remains blind but grows three new teeth; a leper has sores that sprout sunflowers; a paralytic does not recover the use of his limbs but almost wins the lottery. Such details call attention to themselves, rather than to their cause. Thus, the episodic structure and narrative commentary within the story combine purposefully to distract the reader from the old man, thereby making rational interpretations of his arrival and departure impossible.

The reader of the story occupies a position superior to that of its characters, who view odd persons as clowns and believe that their neighbors possess supernatural powers. This sense of superiority is important to...

(The entire section is 3,250 words.)