The US and the Philippines

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What does the annexation of the Philippines refer to?

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At the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898, the United States annexed the Philippine archipelago. The occupation of Manila by American forces and $20 million led to a handover of the Philippines from the Spanish.

The Spanish had ruled the Philippines for three centuries. The Treaty of Paris ended the four-month war between Spain and the United States, and the Philippines became a U.S. territory. President William McKinley was conflicted about the annexation but feared the consequences if the islands fell to German, Japanese, British, or French control.

Viewed as an act of imperialism, many opposed the U.S. annexation of the Philippines, and there was a rebellion that lasted into 1902 until it was finally subdued by American forces. The period of 1898-1902 saw many casualties on both sides, and there were atrocities carried out against the Philippine people, particularly on the island of Samar.

The Philippines became independent of the United States in 1946.

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The annexation of the Philippines was the event in United States history in which the United States took control of the Philippines.  The US took these islands from Spain, which had ruled them for centuries, as part of the peace settlement of the Spanish-American War.  The war was fought in 1898 and the peace treaty was ratified in 1899.

The Philippines had been a colony of Spain for centuries when war broke out between the US and Spain.  The US felt that attacking the Philippines would be a good way to weaken Spain.  The Filipinos were, at the time, in the middle of something of a rebellion against Spain.  They hoped that the US would help them become independent.  Instead, the US decided to take control of the Philippines.  This led to a Filipino uprising and a war between some Filipinos and the US.  The war lasted until 1902.  The Philippines remained as US territory until it was granted independence after World War II.

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