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Last Updated on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 355

The Unicorn (1963) by Iris Murdoch follows a thirty-year-old governess named Marian Taylor who has pursued an advertised opportunity to work at Gaze Castle, a remote, Gothic estate in an environment where apparently all estates are termed "castles." Marian responded to the advertisement as a result of a sort of...

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The Unicorn (1963) by Iris Murdoch follows a thirty-year-old governess named Marian Taylor who has pursued an advertised opportunity to work at Gaze Castle, a remote, Gothic estate in an environment where apparently all estates are termed "castles." Marian responded to the advertisement as a result of a sort of mid-life crisis; she has recently come to terms with the fact that her lover, Geoff, can never love her. Moreover, she is attracted to the high salary advertised as well as the opportunity to teach French and Italian.

When she arrives, she is greeted by one Gerald Scottow (her point-of-contact in the matter of the advertisement), who drives them both to Gaze Castle. On the way, they see that the nearest castle is is Rider Castle, where Scottow tells Marian that Max Lejour, a reclusive scholar, lives with his adult children, Alice and Pip. Max also has a frequent caller named Effingham Cooper, his pupil. Only after she arrives at Gaze Castle does Marian learn that her pupil, Mrs. Crean-Smith, is not a child but a mature woman named Hannah.

It is only slowly revealed that Hannah has been imprisoned in the castle against her will by her husband, Peter Crean-Smith. Effingham Cooper has been in love with Hannah for many years, though his mentor's daughter, Alice, is in love with Effingham. Max and Effingham discuss the figure of the unicorn as being a Christ-like scapegoat: itself innocent and used to atone for others' sins.

Hannah seems to be the titular unicorn, imprisoned when her husband discovered her affair with Pip (Max Lejour's son). She has been imprisoned for nearly a decade by the time of Marian's arrival, kept in the custody specifically of Gerald Scottow, who is himself Peter Crean-Smith's former lover.

Marian convinces Effingham to help her rescue Hannah by facilitating her escape while her husband is away. However, Alice (Max's daughter) learns of the plan and prevents it. When Hannah finally does escape (shooting Gerald Scottow), she drowns herself. Her associate kills Peter too when he returns to Gaze Castle (which she has left to Max Lejour). Hannah's former lover, Pip, commits suicide.

Summary

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Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 507

In her seventh novel, Iris Murdoch borrows from the gothic tradition in literature to create a world of mystery and enchantment, and her plot relies heavily on surprise, suspense, and fragmented revelations of past actions and their present consequences. Revealed in bits, the antecedent action of the novel is essential to its plot.

Nine years before the novel’s opening, Hannah Crean-Smith, mistress of Gaze Castle and wife of her first cousin Peter, began an affair with her neighbor, Philip “Pip” Lejour. Two years later, they were discovered by Peter, and after an ensuing argument, during which Hannah tried to kill Peter by pushing him over a cliff and thereby crippling him, he imprisoned her in the house and went to New York to pursue a homosexual relationship. Left as jailer was Gerald Scottow, Peter’s lifelong friend and former lover. After two more years, Hannah tried to escape but was sent back by her father; consequently, Peter increased her guard by employing two impoverished cousins, Jamesie and Violet Evercreech. Jamesie, after two years, took pity on Hannah and again tried to effect her escape but was caught by Gerald, who, after whipping the boy, became his lover in a seemingly sadomasochistic relationship.

The novel begins with Marian Taylor’s arrival in this blasted and remote region of West Ireland, dominated by only two manor houses, Gaze and Riders. Thinking she has been hired to be tutor to a child, she soon learns that she is to be companion to Hannah, who has now been imprisoned for seven years. Enchanted, as all are, by the fey and mysterious Hannah, Marian slowly begins to learn the sad history of Gaze and its inhabitants, and she falls more and more deeply under the spell of the place. Another outsider, Effingham Cooper, arrives at Riders, and together the two form the narrative consciousness of the novel.

Effingham, in love with Hannah for four years and a frequent houseguest at Riders, quickly forms an alliance with Marian in pity for Hannah’s plight; together they plan to kidnap her and take her away from Gaze. The plan fails because of the intercession of Pip’s sister, Alice, and Peter’s imminent return is announced.

By this point, the facts of the story have all been revealed, if not all the motives and complexities. During the wait for Peter, many emotional and sexual tensions surface, and after apparently having dominated Hannah sexually, Gerald is shot and killed by her, using the gun left by Pip on his only visit to her in the seven years of her confinement. Shortly afterward, Marian and Jamesie release Hannah from her locked rooms, and she goes out and drowns herself. On his arrival, Peter is drowned by Denis Nolan, Hannah’s bookkeeper, in a staged accident, and Pip commits suicide. Before their dispersal, the remaining characters learn that Hannah has left her estate to Max Lejour, the scholarly father of Pip and Alice, whom she had never met but with whom she felt a spiritual kinship.

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