In Unattainable Earth, Czesaw Miosz’s first collection of poetry published after receiving the Nobel Prize in 1980, he sets himself a task that he acknowledges is unachievable: to create a literature that embraces a world too immense for our limited vision and insufficient language. In his preface, Miosz notes that the Polish title for the collection means “earth too huge to be grasped,” which provides both a central thematic figure and a sense of scale for the poet’s ambition “to transcend my place and time, searching for the Real.”
In his poems, the writer not only shrugs against the limitations of consciousness and humanity’s fallen state but also struggles against the constraints of form. Rather than simply a collection of poems, Unattainable Earth is much more. It is filled with aphorisms and philosophical pronouncements as well as lyric poetry, and the book expands its formal boundaries by mortaring what Miosz calls “Inscripts”—prose fragments and full poems by other authors, even letters he received—into the architecture of the collection.
These interpolations are wide-ranging but consistent. They include passages from the third century Corpus Hermeticum (a collection of Greek texts from a more extensive group of works containing secret wisdom known as Hermetica), as well as writings by Miosz’s more immediate spiritual forebears, such as the philosopher Simone Weil and his cousin, the French poet and mystic Oscar V. de L. Miosz. The inscripts, including poems by D. H. Lawrence and Walt Whitman, were initially translated by Miosz into Polish, but remain in their original form in the English version as “an homage to tutelary spirits.”
Taken together, this anthology—or “mosaic,” as Miosz puts it—makes up a kind of individual spiritual autobiography. Its variety of voices, both in terms of the authors incorporated into the body of the book and the numerous personas addressed and adopted by the poet, only underscores the focus of its mediation. What does it mean, the writer questions, to be...
(The entire section is 854 words.)