Twentieth-Century Danish Literature Criticism: Major Authors - Essay

Aage Henriksen (essay date 1952)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Henriksen, Aage. “Karen Blixen and Marionettes.” In Isak Dinesen: Critical Views, edited by Olga Anastasia Pelensky and William Mishler, pp. 1-17. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1993.

[In the following essay, originally published in Karen Blixen og Marionetterne in 1952, Henriksen illustrates the use of the marionette symbol in Isak Dinesen's works, including Out of Africa and Seven Gothic Tales.]


The qualities that have led to Karen Blixen's literary fame are the first ones to strike the readers of her stories. The exquisite and refined narrative manner and the mysterious and fantastic...

(The entire section is 8269 words.)

Ann Gossman (essay date autumn 1963)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Gossman, Ann. “Sacramental Imagery in Two Stories by Isak Dinesen.” Wisconsin Studies in Contemporary Literature 4, no. 3 (autumn 1963): 319-26.

[In the following essay, Gossman describes the use of the theme of destiny and the search for human identity in three of Isak Dinesen's short stories.]

Many stories by Isak Dinesen explore a pattern of destiny against which the individual must search for his identity, or else abandon his hope, his risks, and his distinctive humanity. Such a theme is evident in some of the stories in Dinesen's first published collection of short stories, Seven Gothic Tales (1934), especially in “The Dreamers.” It...

(The entire section is 3416 words.)

Sven H. Rossel (essay date winter 1983)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Rossel, Sven H. “Ole Hyltoft and the Neorealistic Trends in Contemporary Danish Literature.” World Literature Today 57, no. 1 (winter 1983): 17-21.

[In the following essay, Rossell argues that the poetry of Ole Hyltoft is marked with sharp political satire examining the ideologies of Capitalism and Marxism, and that many of the views expressed in his writing evolved during his years as a critic and journalist.]

Life is so many-sided: poetic, criminal, full of love, taunting.

Ole Hyltoft

When Klaus Rifbjerg (see BA 49:1, pp. 25-28), the writer largely responsible for the...

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Faith Ingwerson and Niels Ingwerson (essay date 1984)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Ingwerson, Faith, and Niels Ingwerson. “Introduction: The Age, the Man, and His Vision.” In Quests for a Promised Land: The Works of Martin Andersen Nexø, pp. 3-33. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984.

[In the following essay, Faith and Niels Ingwerson trace the political and cultural climate during Martin Andersen Nexø's time, also providing overviews of his major works and themes.]

Martin Andersen Nexø was always involved in the history of his age: he recorded it as he saw it, and he wanted to set his mark on it. His oeuvre is a statement that was meant to influence opinions and affect lives. A necessary delineation follows of his times, his...

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Charlotte Schiander Gray (essay date 1986)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Gray, Charlotte Schiander. “Lyrical Debut” In Klaus Rifbjerg, pp. 3-12. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.

[In the following essay, Gray details Klaus Rifbjerg's life and works, focusing on Under vejr med mig selv his first collection of poetry.]


Rifbjerg's biography, as such, is very undramatic, but he has an almost uncanny ability for the sensuous reproduction of basic and normal life occurrences so that they continue to offer new insights. And although the available biographical facts themselves are quite limited, Rifbjerg's recollection and recreation of them seem boundless.


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Charlotte Schiander Gray (essay date 1986)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Gray, Charlotte Schiander. “The Author and His Work.” In Klaus Rifbjerg, pp. 75-90. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.

[In the following essay, Gray discusses Klaus Rifbjerg's experimental style in his memoirs, short stories, and novels.]


Stages of crisis, and of potentially renewed insight and development, occur especially when a character is about to enter adulthood or when he is assessing his status as an adult approaching middle age. The travel descriptions follow the same biological-psychological pattern. For example, Leif in Leif the Happy, Jr. (1971), is confronted with a problem similar to...

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Marlene Barr (essay date 1990)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Barr, Marlene. “Food for Postmodern Thought: Isak Dinesen's Female Artists as Precursors to Contemporary Feminist Fabulators.”1 In Feminism, Utopia, and Narrative, edited by Libby Falk Jones and Sarah Webster Goodwin, pp. 21-33. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1990.

[In the following essay, Barr theorizes on the importance of Isak Dinesen's works as precursors to postmodern feminist writing.]

In “Postmodernism and Consumer Society,” Fredric Jameson comments, “I am very far indeed from believing that any of the most significant postmodern artists—John Cage, John Ashbery, Philippe Sollers, Robert Wilson, Andy Warhol, Ishmael Reed,...

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Mark Mussari (essay date spring 1999)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Mussari, Mark. “H. C. Branner and the Colors of Consciousness.” Scandinavian Studies 71, no. 1 (spring 1999): 41-66.

[In the following essay, Mussari studies H. C. Branner's use of pictorial language in his writings as a means to evoke images underlying human consciousness.]

                                                  Time past and time future
What might have been and what has been
Point to one end, which is always present.

T. S. Eliot

Commenting on the power of the image in his essay “Kunst og virkelighed” (1962), H. C. Branner observed that “de store forandringer viser sig altid først i kunsten, hvad der er en...

(The entire section is 10880 words.)