Truman

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Last Updated on May 7, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 402

Harry S. Truman has become an American political legend. He is remembered for such plainspoken aphorisms as “The buck stops here” and “If you can’t stand the heat stay out of the kitchen,” and as the sharp-tongued battler who defied the pollsters and won a stunning victory in the presidential...

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Harry S. Truman has become an American political legend. He is remembered for such plainspoken aphorisms as “The buck stops here” and “If you can’t stand the heat stay out of the kitchen,” and as the sharp-tongued battler who defied the pollsters and won a stunning victory in the presidential election of 1948. But Truman was much more than a colorful political character. President during the emergence of the Cold War, Truman and his advisers developed the policy of containment to meet the challenge of the Soviet Union. This would be the basis of American foreign policy until the collapse of communism forty years later. Truman also ordered the dropping of atomic bombs on Japan, revived postwar Europe with the Marshall Plan, authorized the creation of NATO, sponsored the birth of Israel, waged the Korean War, and at home fought for the civil rights of black Americans. Few presidents have left so enduring a legacy.

David McCullough’s TRUMAN, for all its bulk, is not a definitive history of Truman’s presidency. Instead it is a warm tribute to a man McCullough clearly admires. McCullough eschews analysis in favor of storytelling. He tells the tale of an ordinary but virtuous and able man who, through hard work and good luck, rose to the highest office in the land. McCullough brilliantly recounts the most dramatic episodes in Truman’s life, devoting the better part of one hundred pages to the 1948 election alone. What his narrative does not do, however, is probe beneath the surface of Truman’s reputation and character. As McCullough himself notes in passing, Harry Truman was a complicated man. Yet McCullough does not attempt to penetrate the mystery of that complexity. Nevertheless, McCullough provides his readers with a highly readable and entertaining biography of a compelling historical figure. His book will long serve as a useful introduction to Truman’s life and times, and perhaps will inspire more work on the career of a president who laid the foundation for an era.

Sources for Further Study

American History Illustrated. XXVII, September, 1992, p. 23.

Chicago Tribune. June 7, 1992, XIV, p. 1.

Foreign Affairs. LXXI, Winter, 1992, p. 202.

Los Angeles Times Book Review. June 7, 1992, p. 1.

The New York Review of Books. XXXIX, July 16, 1992, p. 26.

The New York Times Book Review. XCVII, June 21, 1992, p. 1.

Publishers Weekly. CCXXXIX, May 4, 1992, p. 46.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch. June 28, 1992, p. C5.

Time. CXXXIX, June 29, 1992, p. 80.

The Washington Post Book World. XXII, June 7, 1992, p. 1.

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