*Troy. Ancient city on the coast of Asia Minor that according to tradition was destroyed by the Greeks. In Euripides’ play, the city’s breached walls—which were originally built by Poseidon—symbolize the city’s fate, and also serve as the backdrop throughout the play. Encamped before the walls, the captured Trojan women mourn their dead. From these walls they depart for slavery in Greece. Andromache’s son, Astyanax, is hurled to his death from the walls, and his grandmother, Queen Hecuba, buries him here before she herself departs in slavery. The collapse of the walls themselves in a conflagration caused by the Greeks symbolizes, at the end of the play, the final end of Troy itself.
Achilles’ tomb. Located on the plain outside Troy, the burial place of the Greek hero Achilles lies offstage in this play. Although the Greeks’ greatest warrior is dead, he requires his share of Trojan plunder. During the play Hecuba learns that the Greeks have sacrificed her daughter, Polyxena, as a gift to the dead Achilles.
*Greece. Homeland of Troy’s hated conquerers and the destination of all the surviving women of Troy, including Hecuba, Andromache, and Cassandra. The crimes of the Greeks in this play, especially the murder of Astyanax, distort the natural tendency of Euripides’ Greek audience to identify with their homeland and encourage them to sympathize instead with the conquered Trojans.