Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 441
Farmer was born into a curious, quirky family on October 29, 1959, in North Adams, Massachusetts. Farmer’s father, Paul Sr. (called “the Warden” for his strictness), was restless and moved his family to Alabama in 1966. Later on, his father bought a bus, and after 1971, the family lived on it … until Paul Sr. bought a fifty-foot boat and moved his family on to that. Farmer and his five siblings were free to pursue their own interests (one of his brothers, for example, is a professional wrestler), and he became interested in science at an early age. Farmer had one serious relationship before marriage, to Ophelia Dahl, who helped found the organization Partners in Health. In 1996, Farmer married Didi Bertrand, a Haitian who was known as the “the most beautiful woman in Cange,” the region of Haiti where Farmer focused most of his work.
He attended Duke University, graduating summa cum laude in 1982. While he was attending Duke, Farmer began his world travels, spending two semesters in Paris and, most important of all, finding his purpose in life. His interest in science sharpened into an interest in medicine and, specifically, public health. At Duke, Farmer also met the poor migrant laborers who worked the North Carolina farms and the committed social activists who helped them. Among these workers were Haitians, and their particular plight fascinated Farmer, leading him to visit Haiti in 1983. While there, he worked for a series of health care organizations, moving from the relatively well-stocked medical facilities in urban environments to the poorer clinics that served more rural populations. In 1987, Farmer founded Partners in Health (PIH) with Thomas White and Todd McCormack. Partners in Health started in Haiti but eventually spawned branches in Peru, Russia, and Rwanda.
After Duke, Farmer attended Harvard, where he simultaneously studied both anthropology (earning a PhD) and medicine (earning an MD). Farmer has presented papers at many scientific conferences, given many more public lectures, and published many scientific papers and editorials. All of these focus on some aspect of providing medical help to the world’s poor or on understanding the societies where people suffer. The same is true of his books, which range from AIDS and Accusation: Haiti and the Geography of Blame (1992) to Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor (2003). Farmer’s work has been recognized with numerous awards. The largest of these are the MacArthur “genius” Grant (1992), the Dr. Nathan Davis International Award in Medicine and Public Health (2002), the Conrad Hilton Humanitarian Prize (2005), and the Austin College Leadership Award (2007). Farmer donated the $1.5 million from the Hilton and the $100,000 from the Austin to his organization Partners in Health.