What key aspects define the term tourism and the statement "all tourism includes some travel, but not all travel is tourism"?

Quick answer:

Key aspects that need to be considered when defining the term tourism include the duration of stay, the type of activities that are pursued, and whether the people in question are voluntarily heading to their destination.

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Near the end of the second chapter in The Geography of Tourism and Recreation, C. Michael Hall and Stephen J. Page discuss the statement in question—“All tourism includes some travel, but not all travel is tourism.”

According to Hall and Page, tourism and travel are often used interchangeably. The two terms each involve people moving around, people’s need to go beyond their communities, and engagement with specific parts of the economy.

In their attempt to separate the terms, Hall and Page articulate several aspects that set tourism apart from traveling. If one reviewed the “Defining tourism” section in chapter 2, they should be able to identify many of these distinguishing characteristics.

For Hall and Page, one critical component of tourism is a break from normal, everyday life. Tourism involves activities that people in a given place don’t habitually partake in. For example, visiting Disney World in Orlando, Florida, could be considered a tourist activity. Most Orlando residents probably don’t visit Disney World on a regular basis unless, of course, they work there. Work, being a normal part of life, is not a tourist activity.

A second central aspect of tourism is its lack of permanence. Tourists do not stay in their destinations for a long period of time. The purpose of tourism is not to lay down roots but to pursue particular activities and then move on. For example, a tourist in New York City won’t be searching for an apartment and a job in New York City. More likely, they’ll visit the Empire State Building, see the Metropolitan Museum of Art, maybe go shopping or what have you, and then leave.

A third important aspect of tourism has to do with consent. Tourism is voluntary. It’s something people choose to do because they have the money, resources, and inclination to visit a specific destination.

For a fourth key aspect of tourism, consider the importance of money or the role of geopolitics.

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