What does Atticus give as the reason why Tom Robinson attempted to escape from prison?
Atticus comes home during the middle of the day while Aunt Alexandra and Scout are hosting the missionary society meeting at their home. In the kitchen, he tells Miss Maudie, Aunt Alexandra, Calpurnia, and Scout about Tom Robinson's death. During the exercise period at Enfield Prison Farm, Tom had taken off running for the fence. The guards had yelled at him and fired warning shots, but he didn't stop. Just as he went over the fence, they shot to kill--filling him with seventeen bullets.
Atticus wants Calpurnia to come with him to give the news to Tom's wife, Helen. Although Atticus appears in control, his sister Alexandra knows that "it tears him to pieces."
He explains that he had tried to give Tom as much hope as he could, telling him he thought they had a good chance of winning the appeal that would overturn Tom's conviction. But Atticus was unwilling to over-promise. Knowing the racism that courts...
and juries in Alabama were rife with, Atticus understood that the solid case they had proving Tom's innocence might not be enough. So, Atticus said, Tom decided to take his own chance rather than trust his fate to "white men's chances."
Tom's decision is later clarified in Maycomb's newspaper in an editorial written by Mr. Underwood, its owner.
Atticus had used every tool available to free men to save Tom Robinson, but in the secret courts of men's hearts Atticus had no case. Tom was a dead man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth and screamed.
This is no doubt what Tom realized, and why he "broke into a blind raving charge at the fence and started climbing over." Tom knew that he was not likely to win an appeal to the "secret courts of [white] men's hearts."