1. Scout learns that her father, Atticus, is not "old and feeble." She comes to learn that he has both hidden (marksmanship) and obvious (wisdom, lawyering skills) talents.
2. Scout learns that there are different qualities to be found in the various types of "ladies" in Maycomb. The Missionary Circle women, for example, do not display the same type of honorable traits as do Miss Maudie and (at least occasionally) Aunt Alexandra.
3. Scout discovers that Aunt Alexandra--much despised in the earlier chapters--is not all bad. Scout appreciates her behavior at the Missionary Circle after learning of the death of Tom Robinson and, late in the novel, sees her aunt's tender side after the attack by Bob Ewell.
4. Scout takes heart with Atticus' advice to not use the word "nigger." She learns that Maycomb's African-American population is scorned by many white people who have far fewer positive qualities than the black people they belittle.
5. Scout observes that her neighborhood looks much different when she views it from a different perspective--the Radley front porch. Her experiences with Boo, Bob Ewell and the trial of Tom Robinson have all given her a new outlook on the little world around her.