Illustration of a bird perched on a scale of justice

To Kill a Mockingbird

by Harper Lee

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To Kill a Mockingbird Characters

The main characters in To Kill a Mockingbird are Scout Finch, Jem Finch, Atticus Finch, Boo Radley, Tom Robinson, Mayella Ewell, and Bob Ewell.

  • Jean Louise "Scout" Finch is the young narrator. She lives with her brother and father in Maycomb, Alabama.
  • James "Jem" Finch is Scout’s older brother.
  • Atticus Finch is a respected attorney. He defends Tom Robinson and incurs the wrath of the community.
  • Boo Radley is Scout's reclusive neighbor.
  • Tom Robinson is an innocent Black man who is falsely accused of raping a White woman.
  • Mayella Ewell is the White woman who falsely accuses Tom of rape.
  • Bob Ewell is Mayella's abusive father.


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Jean Louise “Scout” Finch

Scout Finch is the protagonist and narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird, and the events of the story unfold through her recollections of growing up in the small town of Maycomb. (Read our extended character analysis of Scout Finch.)

Jeremy Atticus “Jem” Finch

Scout’s older brother, Jem Finch, is only nine years old when the novel opens. In temperament, he is more mature and thoughtful than his impulsive younger sister. (Read our extended character analysis of Jem Finch.)

Atticus Finch

The widowed father of Scout and Jem, Atticus Finch forms the moral center of the novel. As a respected lawyer, Atticus uses his exalted position in the community to fight against injustice. (Read our extended character analysis of Atticus Finch.)

Arthur “Boo” Radley

Reclusive and mysterious, Boo Radley is an important figure in the children’s lives. He has remained shut in his house while rumors about him have swirled around town for years. (Read our extended character analysis of Boo Radley.)


Calpurnia is the Finch family’s Black housekeeper. A formidable female presence in the children’s lives, Calpurnia has helped to raise them since their mother’s untimely death. Though Scout often resents how strict Calpurnia is, the children clearly love her and see her as a maternal figure. Calpurnia serves as a bridge between the children and the Black community in Maycomb, helping them see the effects of the Tom Robinson trial from a different perspective. Though Calpurnia makes an effort to bring the children into her world, she also helps them realize the differences between their own white world and the oppressed Black community of Maycomb. Scout’s perspective is broadened when she hears Calpurnia speaking differently among members of her church, forcing Scout to acknowledge that Calpurnia has an entire life beyond the Finch family.

John Hale “Jack” Finch

Jack Finch is Atticus’s younger brother and is known to Scout and Jem as “Uncle Jack.” Atticus’s children love Jack, though he does not understand children quite as well as Atticus. Scout accuses Uncle Jack of being unfair when he punishes her for attacking Francis without hearing her out first. After talking with Atticus and Scout, however, Jack realizes that he should have listened to Scout and apologizes.

Aunt Alexandra

Aunt Alexandra is Atticus’s sister who comes to stay during the trial. She is the epitome of the “Southern Belle” and firmly adheres to traditional social hierarchies regarding class and race. She strongly opposes Atticus’s involvement in Tom Robinson’s trial and criticizes his parenting of Scout, who she feels is not being taught to act like a proper lady. Scout, meanwhile, finds Alexandra to be an overbearing and unpleasant addition to their household. Though Alexandra—like other citizens of Maycomb—is blinded by prejudice, she truly cares about her brother Atticus. When Alexandra is upset by the hypocrisy of her missionary circle and the death of Tom Robinson, she is determined not to let it show. Her strength leads Scout to the realization that being a “lady” takes courage and perseverance.

Charles Baker “Dill” Harris

Dill Harris is Scout and Jem’s imaginative young playmate who travels to Maycomb to stay with his aunt every summer. He is closest to Scout in age and temperament, and they share a playful childhood romance. Dill is adept at telling fantastic stories, which he often uses to cover up his insecurity over his family life. At one point, feeling unloved and ignored by his mother, Dill runs away to Maycomb and hides under Scout’s bed, demonstrating the depth of his attachment to the Finch family. Underneath his...

(This entire section contains 1288 words.)

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dramatic and outgoing personality, he is quite sensitive, as shown when he breaks down and cries after witnessing Mr. Gilmer’s disrespectful treatment of Tom Robinson during the trial.

Miss Maudie Atkinson

Miss Maudie is the children’s neighbor and adult confidante. She is one of the few white adults in the novel to share Atticus’s beliefs about prejudice and injustice. Miss Maudie is patient with the children and helps them make sense of the events unfolding around them. Her character imparts many key lessons to the Finch children, most notably by explaining why it is a sin to kill a mockingbird. She also models perseverance and optimism for the children when after her house burns down, she flippantly tells them that she didn’t much care for it anyway.

Nathan Radley

Nathan is Boo’s older brother who upsets the children when he fills in the knothole in his tree with cement, effectively ending their gifts from Boo.

Robert (Bob) Ewell

Bob Ewell is a poor, unemployed drunk who neglects and abuses his many children. When he discovers that his daughter Mayella favors Tom Robinson, he attacks her, leading Mayella to falsely accuse Tom of rape. Feeling humiliated after Tom Robinson's trial, Bob vows to get revenge on Atticus. He ambushes Scout and Jem with a knife after the Halloween pageant but is killed by Boo Radley before he can kill the children.

Mayella Ewell

Bob Ewell’s daughter who accuses Tom Robinson of rape. Though Mayella’s immoral actions result in the conviction and death of an innocent man, she is also a pitiful character. During the trial, it becomes clear that she has lived a hard life of abuse and squalor at the hands of her cruel father. Despite her low social status and implausible accusation, most of the town considers a Black man automatically guilty, illustrating the depth of racism in Maycomb.

Tom Robinson

An honest and hardworking Black man who is unjustly accused of raping Mayella Ewell. Though Atticus proves that Tom could not have raped Mayella, the jury still convicts him due to their racial prejudice. Tom, like Boo Radley, is a “mockingbird,” an innocent person who has been unfairly harmed by society.

Walter Cunningham Sr.

The father of Scout’s classmate, Walter Cunningham leads a mob to the jailhouse with the intention of lynching Tom Robinson. Atticus confronts the lynch mob outside the jail, but they are only stopped when Scout runs out and begins chatting with Mr. Cunningham about his son. Scout’s innocence and goodness lead Walter to second guess his plan, and he tells the mob to disperse. Atticus later reveals that on the jury there was a Cunningham who wanted a full acquittal for Tom Robinson, demonstrating that people can change for the better.

Helen Robinson

Tom Robinson’s wife. She is harassed by Bob Ewell after the trial.

Link Deas

Tom Robinson’s employer who speaks out on Tom’s behalf during the trial. He gives Helen Robinson a job after the conviction of her husband.

Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose

An old, racist woman who lives near the Finches and often shouts abuse at Scout and Jem as they walk past. When Jem destroys her flowers, Atticus forces him to read to Mrs. Dubose every day. After she dies, Atticus explains to the children that she was struggling with a morphine addiction and had shown great courage by trying to fight it.

Heck Tate

Heck is the sheriff of Maycomb and a good man. He agrees with Atticus to keep Boo’s role in Bob Ewell’s demise hidden in order to spare Boo the unwanted attention.

Mr. Dolphus Raymond

Dolphus Raymond is a white man who lives with a Black mistress and several mixed-race children. Though the town believes him to be a drunk, he reveals to the children that he is only pretending to be a drunk because he believes that the townspeople would never understand his interracial relationship otherwise.

Mr. Braxton Bragg Underwood

Mr. Underwood is the local newspaper editor. Though he admittedly despises Black people, he publishes a scathing article after Tom Robinson’s trial, criticizing the hypocrisy of Maycomb.


Scout Finch