Historical Context

(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)


Colonial Literature and Independence
Although the conquistadors destroyed the libraries of...

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Literary Style

(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

Excepting a few geniuses—like Joanot Martorell and Victor Hugo whose Les Miserables Vargas Llosa read while...

(The entire section is 868 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading

(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

Castro-Klaren, Sara, Understanding Mario Vargas Llosa, University of South Carolina Press, 1990.


(The entire section is 915 words.)


(Masterpieces of American Fiction)

Booker, M. Keith. Vargas Llosa Among the Postmodernists. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. A thorough examination of Vargas Llosa’s works from a postmodern point of view. Includes a comparison of modernism and postmodernism, as well as extensive notes.

Castro-Klarén, Sara. “Mario Vargas Llosa.” In Latin American Writers, edited by Carlos A. Solé and Maria I. Abreau. Vol 3. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1989. Offers a comprehensive and critical discussion of Vargas Llosa’s life and works. Provides a selected bibliography for further reading.

Gerdes, Dick. “Mario Vargas Llosa.” In Spanish American Authors: The Twentieth Century, edited by Angel Flores. New York: H. W. Wilson, 1992. Profiles Vargas Llosa and includes an extensive bibliography of works by and about the author.

Kristal, Efrain. Temptation of the Word: The Novels of Mario Vargas Llosa. Nashville, Tenn.: Vanderbilt University Press, 1998. A collection of perceptive essays on Vargas Llosa’s novels written from the 1960s through the 1980s. A helpful bibliography for further reading is also included.

Compare and Contrast

(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

1960s: In response to the Cuban Revolution, a force of U.S. CIA-trained Cuban exiles invade Cuba unsuccessfully in 1961 (an incident...

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Topics for Further Study

(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

The initiation rituals described in the novel are also known by the term "hazing." Research the role of hazing in neighborhoods, gangs,...

(The entire section is 235 words.)

What Do I Read Next?

(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

In his second novel, La casa verde (1966; translation by Gregory Rabassa published as The Green House 1968), Vargas Llosa again...

(The entire section is 656 words.)