Through the Looking-Glass and What Alice Found There Characters

Lewis Carroll

Characters Discussed

(Great Characters in Literature)


Alice, an imaginative English child who has fantastic adventures in Looking-Glass House.

The White Kitten

The White Kitten, a good kitten who is not responsible for Alice’s adventures.

The Black Kitten

The Black Kitten, who is told by Alice to pretend that they can go through the mirror to Looking-Glass House.


Dinah, the kittens’ mother.

The White Queen

The White Queen, a live chess piece. In Alice’s adventures, she becomes a sheep, gives Alice some needles, and tells the little girl to knit. She reappears throughout the story in various guises.

The White King

The White King, a live chess piece. He has Alice serve a cake that cuts itself.

Tiger Lily

Tiger Lily,


Rose, and


Violet, flowers of whom Alice asks the path to take.


Gnat, a pleasant insect as big as a chicken. He melts away.

The Red Queen

The Red Queen, a live chess piece. She tells Alice that one has to run to stay in the same place. Later, she turns into the black kitten.


Tweedledum and


Tweedledee, two odd, fat, little men. They speak in ambiguities and recite poems to Alice. They fight over a rattle until frightened away by a crow.

The Red King

The Red King, a live chess piece. He dreams about Alice, says Tweedledee, and thus gives her reality.

Humpty Dumpty

Humpty Dumpty, who has a conversation in riddles with Alice. He explains to her the Jabberwocky poem.

The Lion

The Lion and

the Unicorn

the Unicorn, who fight over the White King’s crown.

The Red Knight

The Red Knight, a live chess piece who claims Alice as his prisoner.

The White Knight

The White Knight, a live chess piece who also claims Alice as his prisoner. He leads Alice to a brook and tells her to jump into the next square to become a queen herself.


(Great Characters in Literature)

Guiliano, Edward, ed. Lewis Carroll: A Celebration. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1982. A collection of fifteen essays, on the 150th anniversary of Carroll’s birth. Includes one of Donald Rackin’s existential readings, a surrealist reading, and an analysis of the “hair motif” in Through the Looking-Glass.

Kelly, Richard. Lewis Carroll. Rev. ed. Boston: Twayne, 1990. An excellent introduction to the works of Lewis Carroll, including a section on Through the Looking-Glass. Offers a broad critical study of Carroll’s life and writings, with special emphasis on Carroll’s mastery of nonsense.

Lennon, Florence Becker. Victoria Through the Looking-Glass: The Life of Lewis Carroll. London: Cassell, 1947. A lively biographical and critical study. Includes a section devoted to an analysis of Through the Looking-Glass.

Phillips, Robert S., ed. Aspects of Alice: Lewis Carroll’s Dreamchild as Seen Through the Critics’ Looking-Glasses, 1865-1971. New York: Vanguard Press, 1971. The largest and most important single collection of critical essays on Carroll. Analyzes Carroll as an author for adults and children.

Taylor, Alexander L. The White Knight. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd, 1952. Considers the two Alice books an adult masterpiece on the order of Gulliver’s Travels (1726). Examines the books in the light of religious issues. Includes a discussion of the chess game in Through the Looking-Glass.