Guiliano, Edward, ed. Lewis Carroll: A Celebration. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1982. A collection of fifteen essays, on the 150th anniversary of Carroll’s birth. Includes one of Donald Rackin’s existential readings, a surrealist reading, and an analysis of the “hair motif” in Through the Looking-Glass.

Kelly, Richard. Lewis Carroll. Rev. ed. Boston: Twayne, 1990. An excellent introduction to the works of Lewis Carroll, including a section on Through the Looking-Glass. Offers a broad critical study of Carroll’s life and writings, with special emphasis on Carroll’s mastery of nonsense.

Lennon, Florence Becker. Victoria Through the Looking-Glass: The Life of Lewis Carroll. London: Cassell, 1947. A lively biographical and critical study. Includes a section devoted to an analysis of Through the Looking-Glass.

Phillips, Robert S., ed. Aspects of Alice: Lewis Carroll’s Dreamchild as Seen Through the Critics’ Looking-Glasses, 1865-1971. New York: Vanguard Press, 1971. The largest and most important single collection of critical essays on Carroll. Analyzes Carroll as an author for adults and children.

Taylor, Alexander L. The White Knight. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd, 1952. Considers the two Alice books an adult masterpiece on the order of Gulliver’s Travels (1726). Examines the books in the light of religious issues. Includes a discussion of the chess game in Through the Looking-Glass.