Thomas S. Kuhn Additional Biography

Bibliography

Giere, Ronald N. Explaining Science: A Cognitive Approach. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. This book surveys the philosophical theories of science and includes an extensive review of Kuhn’s philosophy. Many of the discussions are largely developed from Kuhn’s concept of revolutions in science.

Horgan, John. “Reluctant Revolutionary.” Scientific American 264, no. 5 (May, 1991): 40-9. In an interview, Kuhn reveals his frustration with those who misused or misinterpreted his ideas about scientific revolutions. He discusses modifications he made to his theory, particularly in the definitions of “paradigm” and “incommensurability.” Horgan depicts both Kuhn’s personality and his ideas with clarity.

Horwich, Paul, ed. World Changes: Thomas Kuhn and the Nature of Science. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1993. An introduction by the editor and essays by nine scholars discuss how Kuhn’s ideas differ from those of previous philosophers. The essays take historical or philosophical approaches in their arguments. In “Afterwords,” Kuhn comments on the essays, refining his views about incommensurability and defending himself against charges of relativism and antirealism.

Hoyningen-Huene, Paul. Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn’s Philosophy of Science. Chicago:...

(The entire section is 467 words.)

Biography

The scientist, sociologist, and historian of science Thomas Samuel Kuhn had a widespread influence on scholars’ understanding of the procedures of science and other cognitive disciplines. His second book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, was particularly influential; by the 1990’s, more than 600,000 copies had been sold, and the work continues to be cited in academic studies.

Thomas Kuhn was the son of an industrial engineer, Samuel L. Kuhn, and his wife, Minnette. Kuhn was educated at Harvard University, from which he received a B.S. in 1943, an M.A. in 1946, and a Ph.D. in physics in 1949. While he was nearing the completion of his dissertation, he was asked to teach an experimental college course...

(The entire section is 1215 words.)