Other Literary Forms
In addition to his short fiction, Thomas Mann wrote novels, essays, and some poetry. When he received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1929, his novel Buddenbrooks (1901; English translation, 1924) was cited specifically, though many of his later novels have received wide acclaim. Especially widely read and written about are the novel Der Zauberberg (1924; The Magic Mountain, 1927), a philosophical exploration of post-World War I dilemmas, and the four volumes of Joseph und seine Brüder (1933-1943; Joseph and His Brothers, 1934-1944, 1948), a modern mythology based on biblical tales. Mann’s essays, collected in Adel des Geistes (1945; Essays of Three Decades, 1947), cover a broad range of political and literary issues.