Analysis

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Last Reviewed on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 340

The Thin Red Line is a novel by American author James Jones. The novel, along with other books by Jones, centers on events during World War II, specifically in the Pacific theater. The book explores the psychological effects of warfare on men and how the soldiers respond to their environment. The events and dialogues in the book are based on the author's own experiences in the Guadalcanal campaign of the war.

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Jones's firsthand experiences gave the book a high level of realism. For instance, Jones was not hesitant to depict horrible acts by the American soldiers, such as desecrating a Japanese corpse for fun, grave robbing, and committing other war crimes like clandestine summary executions of enemy soldiers. These events were in contrast to the usual media portrayal of warfare post-World War II. Jones's book gives a multidimensional perspective on what it is like to be on the front lines; how lonely and intensely frightening it is to face death every day despite being around an entire platoon.

There is a part in the novel in which Jones relates the time he killed a Japanese soldier with his bare hands. The description of the event is vivid, as almost all personal memories are, and it shows that writing the book was therapeutic and cathartic for James Jones. Therefore, The Thin Red Line could be considered a fiction-memoir hybrid in which nonfiction prose is injected in between fictional stories.

The title of the book refers to an event during the Crimean War in which British soldiers showed bravery and self-sacrifice for others. This event—which became a tabloid sensation in England when it happened because the Crimean War was unpopular with the public—was later immortalized in a poem by imperialist writer and propagandist Rudyard Kipling. The men depicted in Jones's book are similar in that they were helpless, at first, in Guadalcanal, ready to be massacred by the Japanese. Instead, the American forces in the tiny island were able to survive the Japanese assault and organize victories of their own.

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