Context

(Student Guide to World Philosophy)

Possibly the most ambitious and influential work in social philosophy of the later twentieth century, A Theory of Justice attempts to show what the principles of social justice are and why they can be satisfied only in a liberal society that partially redistributes income and wealth for the benefit of its least advantaged members. John Rawls revives the social contract tradition of philosophers John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant, in opposition to utilitarianism.