And Then There Were None

by Agatha Christie

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In And Then There Were None, which characters are static and dynamic?

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First, it’s important to make sure that you keep static and dynamic straight when you’re reading. Static characters are those who do not go through a change or transition throughout the text. Dynamic characters are the opposite; these are characters who have a change in personality or attitude as a result of the actions in the work.

Agatha Christie’s mystery And Then There Were None focuses on ten characters who have all committed a crime but for one reason or another have escaped any punishment. Throughout the course of the book, one by one, each character is murdered until no one is left. Guilt from their crime has cause several of the characters the change, thus being dynamic characters

Anthony Marston, the first to die, ran over two young children while he was speeding through the country roads. He feels no remorse for their deaths and dies having learned nothing from his actions. "I've just been thinking—John and Lucy Combes. Must have been a couple of kids I ran over near Cambridge. Beastly bad luck."

Emily Brent also shows no remorse for her actions. She kicked a young pregnant girl out of her house; having nowhere to go, the girl committed suicide. Emily demonstrates no compassion for the girl when she explains, "The abandoned creature, not content with having one sin on her conscience, committed a still graver sin. She took her own life."

Judge Wargrave, the mastermind behind the murders, is a static character. As a judge, he believes in justice at all costs. He feels no guilt for his actions, and his descriptions of the crimes leave a sense of pride in his work. However, still believing in the need for justice, he arranges his own death after everyone else has died.

Vera Claythorne, the last character to die, is the only one to die by their own hand. Vera was a governess to a boy, Cyril Hamilton. She fell in love with his cousin, Hugo, and so she developed a plan to have Cyril die so Hugo would inherit his money. One day when they were at the beach, she let him swim out too far; he became weak and drowned before anyone could reach him. As she walks upstairs to die, she sees hallucinations of Cyril and her love, Hugo. She says to herself, "You can go to the rock, Cyril. That was what murder was—as easy as that! But afterwards you went on remembering . . . .”

Dr. Armstrong is also a dynamic character. He admits that he was an alcoholic and killed a patient because he operated on her while inebriated. He admits to himself, “Nerves all to pieces—hands shaking. I killed her, all right. Poor devil—elderly woman—simple job if I'd been sober.” However, the guilt sobers him up, and ever since, he has tried to lead a good life.

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The dynamic characters in this novel are:

Vera Claythorne - She is a very intelligent, capable, and independent woman. However, she also displays weakness as she suffers from panic and hysteria attacks because of the current situation on the island, but also from feeling guilty about her own past. She gets extremely nervous at times and when she does act guilty, it's because of a crime she committed before she reached the island.

Phillip Lombard - A mysterious and smart man, he ends up having feelings for Vera and has private conversations with her. However, he underestimates her abilities and how resourceful she can be. This ends up causing problems for him.

William Blore - He acts very bold and often takes the initiative on the island, but makes a lot of mistakes when he accuses the wrong people of murder.

Mr. Rogers - The butler remains calm in order to continue his job professionally, even though his wife is found dead. He and his wife are accused of killing their former employer.

Mrs. Rogers - She is very frail and weak. When Tony Marston dies, she faints. Wargrave thinks Mrs. Rogers is controlled by her husband, Mr. Rogers.

The static characters in the book are:

Emily Brent - An older woman who reads her Bible every day, Emily is extremely confident in herself and does not show any remorse for her actions.

Justice Wargrave - A natural leader in the group, he is good with evidence, getting together searches, and makes sure weapons are kept safe. He is a very even and confident man, which makes it difficult for the others to see him as a murderer.

Hope this helps! Good luck. Such a great read!

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Who are the dynamic and static characters in the book And Then There Were None?

And Then There Were None functions as a mystery on several levels, from the characters' initial questions about the reasons they were taken to the island, through the manner and sequence of their deaths, to the identity and motive of the killer.

As might be expected, the characters who are killed the soonest tend to be flat, as there is less time for them to develop and change—Anthony Marston, the General, the Rogerses, and Miss Brent, who cannot see any need for remorse or accept any blame for her role in her servant's death.

The mastermind and murderer also changes very little. Judge Wargrave seems to have a personality disorder that compels him to control and manipulate situations and other people. The book shows how he methodically carries out his plan.

The two characters who are drawn together and interact substantively over the course of the novel are the most dynamic. Both through their reactions to the events on the island and through their interactions in an effort to discover the murderer's identity and stop them, Vera Claythorne and Phillip Lombard undergo several changes. Vera feels increasing remorse and guilt, and must act on those feelings. Phillip, however, unwisely continues to think himself superior, so he fails to see Vera's intentions and pays with his life.

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