Chapter 3: Summary and Analysis
Janie tries to love Logan Killicks after they marry, but she finds that she's unable to. Worried, she turns to Nanny, asking her when and if it will happen. Nanny tells her that she should be grateful, because she married a rich man and there are a lot of women out there who would love to live on sixty acres of land and have an organ in their parlor to play. Still, Janie doesn't love him and is actually repulsed by his body and his uncleanliness. Finally, she realizes that marriage doesn't necessarily bring love. Hurston writes: "Janie's first dream was dead, so she became a woman."
Hurston's writing is rich in metaphor, and there are many examples of it in this novel, including: "She knew the world was a stallion rolling in the blue pasture of ether." Her metaphors are most often connected to the natural world and help develop the theme of nature in the novel.
Food. When Janie and Logan marry, Nanny makes sure to have plenty of food at the reception, baking no less than three cakes and providing heaps of fried chicken. This smorgasbord symbolizes the bounty that Janie is marrying into and the life of wealth and luxury that she could enjoy, if only she allowed herself to. Later in the novel, we'll see how surplus food is again used as a symbol of wealth and prestige (and, circumlocutiously, of love).
Water. Water becomes associated with love when Logan makes a point of keeping Janie's water buckets full throughout the day. In what would be a charming parallel, Janie offers Logan a pan of water at the end of the day so he can wash off his feet, but he refuses to. This suggests that, while Logan professes to love Janie, he doesn't really need her to love him or even to be attracted to him. That isn't what their marriage is about.
Love. Janie learns fairly quickly that marriage doesn't necessarily cause love, as she originally thought. Instead, Janie comes to hate her...
(The entire section is 505 words.)