Their Eyes Were Watching God Chapter 12: Summary and Analysis

Zora Neale Hurston

Chapter 12: Summary and Analysis

Soon after the Sunday picnic, the people of Eatonville learn of Janie and Tea Cake's relationship. Naturally, they disapprove. Curious, Pheoby goes to see Janie, telling her what people are saying, then asking if Janie's afraid that Tea Cake is only in it for the money. Janie defends Tea Cake, but Pheoby still advises her to take care of herself. It's too late for that, however. Janie has decided to run off with Tea Cake. She's going to sell the store. Take a chance. Live her own way. It's time.

Simile

Hurston uses a simile when she describes Pheoby as picking "her way over to Janie's house like a hen to a neighbor's garden." She later compares Pheoby to a chicken to emphasize the fact that she isn't a gossip.

Symbols

Colors. Eatonville's residents note with some irritation that, thanks to Tea Cake, Janie has started wearing brighter clothes and fussing with her hair. Her blue dresses and pink linens symbolize her natural beauty, her happiness in her relationship, and her freedom from Joe, whose death confined her to black mourning clothes. Her flashy new wardrobe brings her joy at the same time as it infuriates her neighbors.

Themes

Class. In Chapter 2, Hurston established that the theme of slavery was linked to violence, race, sex, and marriage. Here, Hurston links it to the theme of class, which has, in conjunction with money and power, separated Janie from the other citizens of Eatonville. Her grandmother Nanny had taught her that climbing the social ladder was important, but failed to think about what to do when one got there. Janie gets lonely, which is why she decides to give it all up for Tea Cake.

Gossip. Just like in previous chapters, Eatonville's gossips see fit to comment on and criticize everything that Janie says and does, and just like in previous chapters, Janie doesn't care. She does the exact opposite of what the town wants her to do, not because she wants to contradict them but because she wants to follow her own heart.