What was Randolph's reaction when his mother dies in "A Son's Veto"?

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[S]he seemed to be pining her heart away. 'Why mayn't I say to Sam that I'll marry him? Why mayn't I?'....

Some four years after this date a middle-aged man was standing at ... [his ] fruiterer's shop ... from the mourning coach a young smooth-shaven priest in a high waistcoat looked black as a cloud at the shop keeper standing there.

Your question is a little ambiguous as you don't specify Randolph's react to what when his mother dies: to her death; to his triumph over his mother; to Sam; to have carried his point in what was due to himself and his father? As the above quote from the end of the story shows, there is no indication of Randolph's reaction to his mother's death. All we are told about is his (1) appearance on the last ride with her coffin and his (2) attitude toward Sam Hobson. To know any more, we must infer his reactions from what is in the text.

Starting with Randolph's reaction to Sam, he rode past Sam and "looked black as a cloud at the shop keeper standing there." This suggests that Randolph really felt justified in his refusal to accept or permit his mother's love for or marriage to Sam. It seems that even after Sophy's death, the village simplicity that Randolph repressed and loathed in his own mother and in Sam governs him so completely that he must express that loathing to innocent, downcast mourning Sam as he drives by. Randolph seems to be escorting Sophy as though she were a prisoner on her way to the guillotine even while she is in the freedom afforded by death. Randolph seems to want to dominate even that freedom so as to keep her separate from Sam.

As to Randolph's reaction to Sophy's death, we can only infer from the few brief words of text that we have what that reaction might have been. We know that (1) he is "smooth-shaven" in an era when it was not unusual for men to go days without shaving; (2) he is dressed stiffly and rigidly in a "high waistcoat"; (3) he is not so moved by grief and sorrow that he either keeps to himself or grants a generous look of pity upon another mourner; (4) he looks "black as a cloud" at Sam standing at the side of the road, hat in hand.

From this we might infer that his reaction to Sophy's death is a cold-hearted one. His reaction does not soften his cold heart, nor does it make him repent or think differently of his restrictive behavior toward Sophy. His reaction seems to be focused more upon the appearance he gives as a unbending young priest than upon grief for his loss: "a young smooth-shaven priest in a high waistcoat looked black as a cloud ...." One might even wonder if he might think of Sophy's death as her just deserts and a vindication of his own demands.

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