the book cover of The Lucy Poems Metaphor Activity

The Lucy Poems Metaphor Activity

by eNotes

  • Release Date: February 18, 2020
  • Subjects: Language Arts and Literature
  • Age Levels: Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12, Grade 8, and Grade 9
  • Pages: 9
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Document Details


This activity gives students an opportunity to practice examining and analyzing metaphors. Metaphors express images, emotions, actions, experiences, and nuances through direct and indirect comparisons, allowing readers to access deeper levels of meaning in the text. In this activity, students will classify and analyze different kinds of metaphors in order to develop close reading skills and draw inferences from the text.

Wordsworth’s five Lucy poems, written between 1798 and 1801, focus on the speaker’s love for a beautiful young English woman; the speaker idealizes Lucy and mourns her untimely death. Whether Lucy was a real person in Wordsworth’s life or an entirely imagined character is often the subject of critical debate; some critics interpret Lucy as symbolizing Wordsworth’s muse and her death as representing the poet’s fear of losing his poetic inspiration. The poems feature numerous elements of Romanticism, which became a major literary movement in 19th-century English literature. While exploring the speaker’s emotional life, the poems emphasize Lucy’s beauty, the beauty of nature, and the presence of death.

Skills: analysis, drawing inferences from text, close reading, identifying the relationship between words

Learning Objectives:
In completing this activity, students will

  • examine metaphors in a text;
  • classify metaphors in a text as direct and indirect;
  • analyze metaphors by focusing on the two things being compared and interpreting how one of them is described through the comparison.


Our eNotes Classroom Activities give students opportunities to practice developing a variety of skills. Whether analyzing literary devices or interpreting connotative language, students will work directly with the text. The main components of our classroom activities include the following:

  • A handout defining the literary elements under discussion, complete with examples
  • A step-by-step guide to activity procedure
  • An answer key or selected examples for reference, depending on the activity

In completing these classroom activities, students will be able to classify and analyze different literary elements, thereby developing close-reading skills and drawing deeper inferences from the text.