The Fault in Our Stars

by John Green

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How does The Fault in Our Stars use language to explore love and death?

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The language and style of The Fault in Our Stars is light-hearted and flippant. Hazel calls her support group a "circle jerk." Augustus insists on a peculiar "prefuneral." You could argue that the general irrelevance and quirkiness makes it easier for the reader and the characters to confront the tragic foundation of the story.

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At first, your question seems like a trick. Of course, The Fault in Our Stars uses language and stylistic techniques to confront themes of love and death. It's a novel. That's what novels do. They're made up of language. Language has a style.

I suppose, there's a specific language and...

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a specific style inThe Fault in Our Stars that helps the reader better confront the large, intricate, complex themes of love and death.

When I read The Fault In Our Stars, I notice a lot of humor and sarcasm. Remember, Hazel starts the novel with: "Late in the winter of my seventeenth year."

This is quite a way to begin a novel. It makes me think of an epic Russian novel that dates back centuries and lasts for 1,000 pages. Yet something tells me Hazel is using this over-the-top style on purpose. It's like she's making fun of her own story and situation.

Hazel seems to treat the seriousness of death as a laughing matter. Think about her descriptions of the support group. She refers to the support group as a "circle jerk." She'd rather watch America's Next Top Model then attend.

You could talk about how Hazel's light-hearted language leads to a flippant style. You could discuss how Hazel's irrelevant style and language make it easier on the reader to face the sadness that's on its way.

For the parts when Hazel has to be serious, you could talk about how the pert tone lends the somber sections a sense of authenticity. Though it might seem paradoxical, you might want to address how the cheeky language and style highlights the dire predicaments of Hazel and Augustus.

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How does the novel The Fault In Our Stars by John Green use techniques to explore and reinforce the themes of love and death?

In The Fault in Our Stars, John Green explores the themes of love and death through techniques like metaphors and symbolism.

In the text, Hazel and Augustus, the two main characters, frequently used metaphors to describe their respective situations and emotions. When they first meet at a cancer support group, Augustus flirts with Hazel. After the meeting, he puts a cigarette in his mouth and Hazel is upset and astonished that Augustus, a boy with cancer, would willingly pay money for something that is known to cause cancer. He responds,

They don’t kill you unless you light them … And I’ve never lit one. It’s a metaphor, see: You put the killing thing right between your teeth, but you don’t give it the power to do its killing.

Hazel is incredulous that Augustus chooses his “behaviors based on their metaphorical resonances”, but still agrees to spend time with him. Metaphors like cigarettes are a large part of how Augustus and Hazel express themselves as they are coping with trying to find their respective places in the universe and the knowledge of their possible or impending deaths.

A symbol in the novel is the book An Imperial Affliction. This work is about a girl with cancer and the novel finishes in the middle of a sentence and without a sense of closure. Hazel writes the author over and over again to try to get him to tell her the end of the story. Hazel’s relationship with this book is symbolic in the story. She is trying to control the ending of a fictional story because she is unable to control the ending of her own life. Hazel’s obsession with this book that does not have closure reflects her relationship with her inevitable death. She wants to have answers to what will happen to those she loves when she is gone.

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How does the novel The Fault in Our Stars by John Green use techniques to explore and reinforce the ideas of love and life?

The novel The Fault In Our Stars by John Green uses techniques including character development, dialogue, events, and symbolism to explore and reinforce the ideas of love and life. By showing the characters' responses to the prospect of loss and showing the sacrifices they make for one another because of their deep bonds, the novel conveys its messages around these themes.

The novel explores the theme of loss among and of young people. The protagonist Hazel Grace is a teenager who is afflicted with a potentially terminal disease. When her parents force her to go to group therapy, she meets Augustus Waters, or Gus. He has beaten a cancer that required the doctors to amputate his leg.

He has already known significant loss in his life. In addition to the loss of his own limb, which impacts his life and is explored in the novel, he also lost his first young love who succumbed to her life-threatening disease. Despite his loss, Gus has a positive attitude toward life and refuses to feel defeated. He often comes off as cavalier in his dialogue until Hazel Grace realizes that, in part, this also reflects his self-defense mechanisms.

Hazel has a close relationship with her two hippie parents, and their bond is shown both through the dialogue and through their actions. They openly discuss the prospect of Hazel Grace’s death and how it will impact the family, and through their discussions, the reader comes to understand their strong love and lives around the disease that they will not allow to take center stage in their lives.

Gus falls in love with Hazel Grace, who is afraid to reciprocate his love because of the losses that overhang their lives. However, the novel’s message is that life without love is the biggest sacrifice. Gus sacrifices his wish for Hazel Grace so that the two can fulfill her dream of traveling to Amsterdam, an event that advances the themes of love and life. Later, she learns that he has also sacrificed his slight chance of extending his life to be with her on that journey. The cigarette is a symbol of his determination to beat cancer and overcome loss in order to live his life as fully as he can.

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