What is the climax of The Book Thief?

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The climax of any book is the most intense and exciting part of the story. Most novels follow the same pattern: an introduction or exposition, the rising action, the climax, the falling action, and then the resolution or denouement. In The Book Thief, the climax occurs when Himmel Street is bombed. The previous events in the novel lead up to this point with suspense, and it is during the bomb raid that Liesel feels her world fall apart. Everything and everyone that she knows and loves is gone. Since she is in the basement when the attack happens, she survives and is, in her mind, the lone survivor. Her home is gone. Her family and friends are gone. Her church is gone. Liesel feels left behind, but under the care of the mayor's wife, she begins to find a purpose in life again.

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The climax of a story is the part when there is great and intense emotion, built up through the rising action and often with great suspense. In The Book Thief, the moment of intense emotion is when Liesel's street is bombed and most of the people she has grown to love are killed. The place that she has come to call home is ruined. During this time, Liesel eluded death once again because she had been in the basement during the bombing so survived the attack. For a time, Liesel feels that her world has ended and that she has been left behind, but at the end of the book Liesel meets back up with Max, and it appears that her life has a purpose and meaning again.

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The climax of a story is the moment of greatest emotional intensity, when we have been led to a high point through the rising action to a significant moment of suspense. In this novel, the climax comes at the end of the novel when Liesel's world is literally blown apart by a bomb raid, and all that she knows and everybody that she loves (almost) is killed:

In the space of a few minutes, all of them were gone.

A church was chopped down.

Earth was destroyed where Max Vandenburgh had stayed on his feet.

Death is shown to move around all of the people, friends and family of Liesel, claiming each one of them. However, Liesel is saved because she was in the basement of her house, and thus she is pulled out to face another day and does not meet Death ultimately at this point in the story. She is left to be looked after by the mayor's wife and to be reunited with Max at the end of the tale.

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In The Book Thief, what are three events leading to the climax?

Note that there are more than three events leading to the climax of The Book Thief since many things occur in the rising action of the novel.  The climax of the book occurs very near the end of the book when Himmel Street is bombed and Liesel loses all whom she loves.  Some major events leading up to this are:

1.  The soldiers have book-burning sessions in the streets, and Liesel watches as the books (and all knowledge) go up in flames.  This is an early symbol that the people of Himmel Street will be stripped of all that they know.

2.  When Hans agrees to take in Max, their home is immediately put in danger.  The Hubermanns are in constant fear that someone will realize that Max is hiding in the basement and that they will be punished by the German soldiers for it.

3.  The German soldiers march the Jewish prisoners through town on their way to Dachau.  They are obviously starving and being led to their death.  The people in town see that their own survival is equally precarious.

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