That Summer in Paris: Memories of Tangled Friendships with Hemingway, Fitzgerald, and Some Others, by Canadian writer Morley Callaghan, recounts his friendships with F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway in Paris in 1929. Callaghan attempts to define his cultural and religious identity and to demonstrate how all writers influence one another.
As a young college student and newspaper reporter in Toronto, Callaghan recognizes that his native city is fundamentally British. He is “intensely North American” because of his love for baseball, women, and family. Intellectually and spiritually, Callaghan feels like an alien in Toronto. While working for the Toronto Star, Callaghan meets Ernest Hemingway, who has served as the newspaper’s European correspondent. Hemingway encourages Callaghan to write fiction, and the two men soon meet in Paris, where they become literary associates and boxing partners.
In Paris, Callaghan observes the contradictory behavior of other North American expatriates like Hemingway and Fitzgerald, who never assimilate completely into French society but who do not return to America to write about their own country. Callaghan concludes that North American writers were attracted to Paris because “French writers stayed at home and exiled themselves in their own dreams.” Callaghan resolves “to forge my own vision in secret spiritual isolation in my native city,” Toronto. He compares his...
(The entire section is 429 words.)