Style and Technique

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Moore engages irony as a philosophical and aesthetic mode perhaps more than any other contemporary short-story writer in English. Beginning with Adrienne, one perceives that her remarks to other people make sense within the context of the conversation; however, most of what she says also refers to the dead baby, something that other people cannot by necessity understand. Adrienne uses irony because she is at a loss to find the right person to whom she can communicate her pain. Perhaps no one could ever be the listener she needs. Accentuating her protagonist’s use of irony, Moore hints at the story’s overall ironic strategies. For example, Adrienne finds herself seated next to an anthropologist during one meal at the villa; the anthropologist, having just returned from China, informs Adrienne of the mass infanticide that has occurred in that country owing to the government’s strict population control policies. A detail such as this creates a degree of pathos in that the anthropologist is not aware of Adrienne’s past.

More important, however, the dramatic irony allows Moore to evoke the multitude of children who die annually across the world without seeming heavy-handed. Offhand references to the Russian Revolution, fascism in World War II, and an overheard tidbit of conversation in which one scholar castigates another for not knowing about the Peasant’s Revolt—each of these details summons a world of grief that is extraneous to the plot of the...

(The entire section is 482 words.)