Technical Difficulties by June Jordan

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(Literary Essentials: African American Literature)

Jordan’s essays illustrate one of the more serious social concepts to emerge from the furor of the 1960’s, the insistence that the political is personal and that to attempt any kind of disengagement is deceptive. Jordan does not present herself as either a spokesperson or a pundit. Rather, she writes in the spirit of an alert citizen of a democratic state trying to refine what she has called “the starter tablet of laws” that is the American Constitution. In the “Alternative Commencement Address” delivered at Dartmouth College, she declares that the history of the United States is “the history of a democratic republic under torturous but steadfast construction” and that attacks on the protections and rights guaranteed by the Constitution and its amendments are assaults on “the basis for liberty and the well-being of all of our lives.” One of the most crucial points of the entire book is that African American citizens have responded to and worked for these essential rights as steadfastly as any other Americans. Contrary to the inaccurate depiction of black people as somehow outside the process of American life, she describes her parents as living in America “full of faith,” “eager Black immigrants . . . as grateful and loyal” as any other arrivals “whose trust in the democratic promise of the mainland has never been reckoned with, fully, or truly reciprocated.” Her goal in these essays is to keep the faith in the possibilities of American democracy and to work toward the inclusion of all the citizens of the country in a vision of America defined and evoked by its hopeful immigrants in the most expansive terms.

Recognizing the power inherent in the employment and control of language, Jordan uses the entire range of her skills as a writer to speak for those denied a voice as a result of any “technical difficulty.” She has claimed for herself the role of celebrator of the heroes of her culture, like an ancient epic poet, and the role of a “conscience of a generation” in the tradition of British essayist George Orwell, whose progressive politics placed him in opposition to powerful forces in the political establishment of his country. The union of these tasks has led her to an examination of the contradictions between the isolated individual artist and the committed social activist. After drawing some revealing parallels between the arrogance of an artist’s “illusions of autonomy” and the “misbegotten American dreams . . . about you and me as gloriously rugged, independent individuals” that have deterred the “simplest capabilities for cooperation” necessary for a just, decent society, Jordan explains how (in the essay “Of Those So Close Beside Me, Which Are You?”) she decided that the aim of art is to “comfort and to empower the possible victims of evil” and to “impart all that we can of our inspired, our inherited humanity.”

The strategy she follows for empowerment is based on a reasoned,...

(The entire section is 1,254 words.)