Sutton Griggs Further Reading - Essay

Further Reading

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)


Inge, M. Thomas; Maurice Duke; and Jackson R. Bryer, eds. "Bibliographies." In Black American Writers: Bibliographic Essays, Volume I: The Beginnings Through the Harlem Renaissance and Langston Hughes, pp. 133-60. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1978.

Writings by and about Griggs and his contemporaries such as Charles Chesnutt, with listings of reference books and other works on the African-American literature of the era.

Page, James A., and Jae Min Roh. "Griggs, Sutton E." In Selected Black American, African, and Caribbean Authors: A Bio-Bibliography, pp. 111-12. Littleton, Col.: Libraries Unlimited, 1985.

Listing of Griggs's novels, with both their original publication dates and their re-publication dates in the 1960s and 1970s.


Bell, Bernard W. "The Early Afro-American Novel: Historical Romance, Social Realism, and Beyond." In The Afro-American Novel and Its Tradition, pp. 37-75. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1987.

Comparative essay on Griggs's Imperium in Imperio and the works of other writers before and after the Civil War.

Byrd, James W. "Five Early Afro-American Novels." Southwest Review LVII, No. 3 (Summer 1972): 262-64.

Brief review of Griggs's five novels, with an emphasis on their prophecies regarding black nationalism, the Cold War, and other aspects of the mid-twentieth century.

Davis, Arthur P., and Saunders Redding, eds. "Sutton Elbert Griggs (1872-1930)." In Cavalcade: Negro American Writing from 1760 to the Present, pp. 163-67. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1971.

A brief overview of Griggs's career, followed by a selection from The Hindered Hand.

Gayle, Addison, Jr. "Paradigms of the Early Past." In The Way of the New World: The Black Novel in America, pp. 60-70. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1975.

A review of Griggs's novels, with a defense against attacks on him by Robert Bone and other critics.

Gloster, Hugh M. "Sutton E. Griggs." In Negro Voices in American Fiction, pp. 56-67. New York: Russell & Russell, 1948.

Overview of Griggs's novels, which Gloster briefly contrasts with those of Charles Chesnutt.

Hedin, Raymond. "Probable Readers, Possible Stories: The Limits of Nineteenth-Century Black Narrative." In Readers in History: Nineteenth-Century American Literature and the Contexts of Response, edited by James L. Machor, pp. 180-205. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Examines a tradition of writings on black revolt, starting with Nat Turner's Confessions (1831) and ending with Imperium in Imprerio.

Additional coverage of Griggs's life and career is contained in the following sources published by Gale Research: Contemporary Authors, Vol. 123, and Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 50.