Rm was a scholar and teacher of Islam, learned in the Qur’an and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad. He developed his special messages from insights into human experience of conflict and struggle, love and hate. Through the experience of love, he realized that wisdom can come directly from God, without dependence on formal education and training, which are only guides to wisdom itself. What Islam needed was the Sufi emphasis on mystical revelation to the individual prepared to surrender absolutely to the love of God. This is what Rm brought from his background for his contemporaries and posterity.
The Sufi Path of Love: The Spiritual Teachings of Rumi is a large collection of poems, totaling forty thousand lines, making it by far the longest of Rm’s works. These lines are composed in three kinds of poems: ghazals, or Persian love poems; tarji’ats, made up of two or more ghazals; and quatrains known as ruba’iyyats. The poems were composed over a period of nearly three decades, dating from the arrival of Shams in 1244 to Rm’s death in 1273. Although the poems are inspired by Shams and many persons are mentioned in them, they are taken by Sufi followers as representations of states of spirituality on the Sufi path of love.